Abortion Risks | Abortion Complications | Abortion Dangers | Abortion Side Effects

 

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Psychological Complications
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Physical Dangers Associated With Abortion

Approximately 10% of women undergoing induced abortion suffer from immediate complications, of which one-fifth (2%) were considered major.19 However the majority of complications take time to develop and will not be apparent for days, months or even years.

Negative psychological reactions to abortion are more common than physical complications.   These are described in a later section.

The major physical risks and complications of abortion are described below.  Citations to the medical literature regarding each danger or risk are included as end notes at the bottom of this page.

ELEVATED RISK OF DEATH

According to the best record based study of deaths following pregnancy and abortion, a 1997 government funded study in Finland, women who abort are approximately four times more likely to die in the following year than women who carry their pregnancies to term. In addition, women who carry to term are only half as likely to die as women who were not pregnant.16 (Click here for more details on this important study.)   

The Finland researchers found that compared to women who carried to term, women who aborted in the year prior to their deaths were 60 percent more likely to die of natural causes, seven times more likely to die of suicide, four times more likely to die of injuries related to accidents, and 14 times more likely to die from homicide.

Researchers believe the higher rate of deaths related to accidents and homicide may be linked to higher rates of suicidal or risk-taking behavior.16 (Click here for details on the latest research regarding abortion associated deaths.)

The leading causes of abortion related maternal deaths within a week of the surgery are hemorrhage, infection, embolism, anesthesia, and undiagnosed ectopic pregnancies. Legal abortion is reported as the fifth leading cause of maternal death in the United States, though in fact it is recognized that most abortion-related deaths are not officially reported as such.2 (Click here for more details on the underreporting of abortion related deaths in the U.S.)

Two studies of the entire population of women in Denmark published in 2012 have shown similar results.  The first found that the risk of death following abortion remains higher in each of the first ten years following the abortion.  The second found that the risk of death increases with each abortion, 45% after one abortion, 114% after two abortions, and 192 percent after three or more abortions.

For a complete review of the literature see Deaths associated with abortion compared to childbirth: a review of new and old data and the medical and legal implications (2004).

CERVICAL, OVARIAN, AND LIVER CANCER

Women with a history of one abortion face a 2.3 times higher risk of having cervical cancer, compared to women with no history of abortion.  Women with two or more abortions face a 4.92 relative risk. Similar elevated risks of subsequent ovarian and liver cancer have also been linked to single and multiple abortions. These increased cancer rates for post-aborted women may be  linked to the unnatural disruption of the hormonal changes which accompany pregnancy and untreated cervical damage or to increased stress and the negative impact of stress on the immune system.4

UTERINE PERFORATION

Between 2 and 3% of all abortion patients may suffer perforation of their uterus, yet most of these injuries will remain undiagnosed and untreated unless laparoscopic visualization is performed.5 Such an examination may be useful when beginning an abortion malpractice suit. The risk of uterine perforation is increased for women who have previously given birth and for those who receive general anesthesia at the time of the abortion.(6) Uterine damage may result in complications in later pregnancies and may eventually evolve into problems which require a hysterectomy, which itself may result in a number of additional complications and injuries including osteoporosis.

CERVICAL LACERATIONS

Significant cervical lacerations requiring sutures occur in at least one percent of first trimester abortions. Lesser lacerations, or micro fractures, which would normally not be treated may also result in long term reproductive damage. Latent post-abortion cervical damage may result in subsequent cervical incompetence, premature delivery, and complications of labor. The risk of cervical damage is greater for teenagers, for second trimester abortions, and when practitioners fail to use laminaria for dilation of the cervix.7

PLACENTA PREVIA

Abortion increases the risk of placenta previa in later pregnancies (a life threatening condition for both the mother and her wanted pregnancy) by seven to fifteen fold. Abnormal development of the placenta due to uterine damage increases the risk of fetal malformation, perinatal death, and excessive bleeding during labor.8

SUBSEQUENT PRE-TERM DELIVERIES AND OTHER COMPLICATIONS OF LABOR

Women who had one, two, or more previous induced abortions are, respectively, 1.89, 2.66, or 2.03 times more likely to have a subsequent pre-term delivery, compared to women who carry to term. Prior induced abortion not only increased the risk of premature delivery, it also increased the risk of delayed delivery. Women who had one, two, or more induced abortions are, respectively, 1.89, 2.61, and 2.23 times more likely to have a post-term delivery (over 42 weeks).17 Pre-term delivery increases the risk of neonatal death and handicaps.

HANDICAPPED NEWBORNS IN LATER PREGNANCIES

Abortion is associated with cervical and uterine damage which may increase the risk of premature delivery, complications of labor and abnormal development of the placenta in later pregnancies. These reproductive complications are the leading causes of handicaps among newborns.9

ECTOPIC PREGNANCY

Abortion is significantly related to an increased risk of subsequent ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancies, in turn, are life threatening and may result in reduced fertility.10

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)

PID is a potentially life threatening disease which can lead to an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and reduced fertility. Of patients who have a chlamydia infection at the time of the abortion, 23% will develop PID within 4 weeks. Studies have found that 20 to 27% of patients seeking abortion have a chlamydia infection. Approximately 5% of patients who are not infected by chlamydia develop PID within 4 weeks after a first trimester abortion. It is therefore reasonable to expect that abortion providers should screen for and treat such infections prior to an abortion.11

ENDOMETRITIS

Endometritis is a post-abortion risk for all women, but especially for teenagers, who are 2.5 times more likely than women 20-29 to acquire endometritis following abortion.12

IMMEDIATE COMPLICATIONS

Approximately 10% of women undergoing elective abortion will suffer immediate complications, of which approximately one-fifth (2%) are considered life threatening. The nine most common major complications which can occur at the time of an abortion are: infection, excessive bleeding, embolism, ripping or perforation of the uterus, anesthesia complications, convulsions, hemorrhage, cervical injury, and endotoxic shock. The most common “minor” complications include: infection, bleeding, fever, second degree burns, chronic abdominal pain, vomiting, gastro-intestinal disturbances, and Rh sensitization.13

INCREASED COMPLICATIONS FOR WOMEN SEEKING MULTIPLE ABORTIONS:

In general, most of the studies cited above reflect risk factors for women who undergo a single abortion. These same studies show that women who have multiple abortions face a much greater risk of experiencing these complications. This point is especially noteworthy since approximately 45% of all abortions are for repeat aborters.

LOWER GENERAL HEALTH:

In a survey of 1428 women researchers found that pregnancy loss, and particularly losses due to induced abortion, was significantly associated with an overall lower health. Multiple abortions correlated to an even lower evaluation of “present health.” While miscarriage was detrimental to health, abortion was found to have a greater correlation to poor health. These findings support previous research which reported that during the year following an abortion women visited their family doctors 80% more for all reasons and 180% more for psychosocial reasons. The authors also found that “if a partner is present and not supportive, the miscarriage rate is more than double and the abortion rate is four times greater than if he is present and supportive. If the partner is absent the abortion rate is six times greater.” (15)

This finding is supported by a 1984 study that examined the amount of health care sought by women during a year before and a year after their induced abortions. The researchers found that on average, there was an 80 percent increase in the number of doctor visits and a 180 percent increase in doctor visits for psychosocial reasons after abortion.18

INCREASED RISK FOR CONTRIBUTING HEALTH RISK FACTORS:

Abortion is significantly linked to behavioral changes such as promiscuity, smoking, drug abuse, and eating disorders which all contribute to increased risks of health problems. For example, promiscuity and abortion are each linked to increased rates of PID and ectopic pregnancies. Which contributes most is unclear, but apportionment may be irrelevant if the promiscuity is itself a reaction to post- abortion trauma or loss of self esteem.

INCREASED DANGERS FROM ABORTION FOR TEENAGERS:

Teenagers, who account for about 30 percent of all abortions, are also at much high risk of suffering many abortion related complications. This is true of both immediate complications, and of long-term reproductive damage.14

The most complete listing of physical dangers associated with abortion can be found at at AbortionRisks.org

 



Psychological Risks Associated with Abortion 

Printable Fact Sheets

REQUIREMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT
A study of the medical records of 56,741 California medicaid patients revealed that women who had abortions were 160 percent more likely than delivering women to be hospitalized for psychiatric treatment in the first 90 days following abortion or delivery. Rates of psychiatric treatment remained significantly higher for at least four years.1,3

In a study of post-abortion patients only 8 weeks after their abortion, researchers found that 44% complained of nervous disorders, 36% had experienced sleep disturbances, 31% had regrets about their decision, and 11% had been prescribed psychotropic medicine by their family doctor. (2) A 5 year retrospective study in two Canadian provinces found significantly greater use of medical and psychiatric services among women with a history of abortion. Most significant was the finding that 25% of women who had abortions made visits to psychiatrists as compared to 3% of the control group. (3) Women who have had abortions are significantly more likely than others to subsequently require admission to a psychiatric hospital. At especially high risk are teenagers, separated or divorced women, and women with a history of more than one abortion. (4)

Since many post-abortive women use repression as a coping mechanism, there may be a long period of denial before a woman seeks psychiatric care. These repressed feelings may cause psychosomatic illnesses and psychiatric or behavioral in other areas of her life. As a result, some counselors report that unacknowledged post-abortion distress is the causative factor in many of their female patients, even though their patients have come to them seeking therapy for seemingly unrelated problems. (5)

RISK FACTORS

Researchers have identified a large number of statistically significant risk factors that identify which women are at greatest risk of experiencing one or more severe reactions to abortion.   The following is list of risk factors identified by the American Psychological Association Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion in their 2008 report:

  1. terminating a pregnancy that is wanted or meaningful
  2. perceived pressure from others to terminate a pregnancy
  3. perceived opposition to the abortion from partners, family, and/or friends
  4. lack of perceived social support from others
  5. various personality traits (e.g., low self-esteem, a pessimistic outlook, low-perceived control over life)
  6. a history of mental health problems prior to the pregnancy
  7. feelings of stigma
  8. perceived need for secrecy
  9. exposure to antiabortion picketing
  10. use of avoidance and denial coping strategies
  11. feelings of commitment to the pregnancy
  12. ambivalence about the abortion decision
  13. low perceived ability to cope with the abortion
  14. history of prior abortion
  15. late term abortion
  16. being an adolescent (not an adult)
  17. having a non-elective (therapeutic or coerced) abortion
  18. prior history of abortion (having a second or third abortion, or more)

Please see Identifying High Risk Abortion Patients”  or “Abortion decisions and the duty to screen: clinical, ethical, and legal implications of predictive risk factors of post-abortion maladjustment” for a more complete list of risk factors, including citations to the studies identifying each risk factor.

SUICIDAL IDEATION AND SUICIDE ATTEMPTS

Approximately 60 percent of women who experience post-abortion sequelae report suicidal ideation, with 28 percent actually attempting suicide, of which half attempted suicide two or more times.(13)  

Researchers in Finland have identified a strong statistical association between abortion and suicide in a records based study (see figure at the right).  They found that the  mean annual suicide rate for all women was 11.3 per 100,000 but the rate for women following abortion was 34.7 per 100,000, three times higher.  The suicide rate associated with birth, by contrast, was half the rate of all women and less than one-sixth the rate of suicide among women who had abortions.(13)

Suicide attempts appear to be especially prevalent among post-abortion teenagers. Numerous other studies have also revealed higher rates of suicide and suicide attempts associated with abortion.(13)

ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE

Over twenty studies have linked abortion to increased rates of drug and alcohol use.1 Abortion is significantly linked with a two fold increased risk of alcohol abuse among women.(16) Abortion followed by alcohol abuse is linked to violent behavior, divorce or separation, auto accidents, and job loss.(17)  In addition to the psycho-social costs of such abuse, drug abuse is linked with increased exposure to HIV/AIDS infections, congenital malformations, and assaultive behavior. (18)

EATING DISORDERS

For at least some women, post-abortion stress is associated with eating disorders such as binge eating, bulimia, and anorexia nervosa. (19)

SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION

Thirty to fifty percent of the women who experience difficulty adjusting to a past abortion report experiencing sexual dysfunctions, of both short and long duration, beginning immediately after their abortions. These problems may include one or more of the following: loss of pleasure from intercourse, increased pain, an aversion to sex and/or males in general, or the development of a promiscuous life-style. (12)

CHILD NEGLECT OR ABUSE

Abortion is linked with increased depression, violent behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, replacement pregnancies, and reduced maternal bonding with children born subsequently. These factors are closely associated with child abuse and would appear to confirm individual clinical assessments linking post-abortion trauma with subsequent child abuse. (20)

POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD or PAS)

While psychological reactions to abortion fall into many categories, some women experience all or some of they symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).  The lowest incidence rate of PTSD reported following abortion is 1.5%, which would translate to over 600,000 cases of abortion induced PTSD.2 Another study found that 14% of American women have all the symptoms of PTSD and attribute them to their abortions, with as many as 65% reporting some, but not all symptoms of PTSD.3

Yet another random study found that a minimum of 19% of post-abortion women suffer from diagnosable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Approximately half had many, but not all, symptoms of PTSD, and 20 to 40 percent showed moderate to high levels of stress and avoidance behavior relative to their abortion experiences. (6)

PTSD is a psychological dysfunction which results from a traumatic experience which overwhelms a person’s normal defense mechanisms resulting in intense fear, feelings of helplessness or being trapped, or loss of control. The risk that an experience will be traumatic is increased when the traumatizing event is perceived as including threats of physical injury, sexual violation, or the witnessing of or participation in a violent death. PTSD results when the traumatic event causes the hyperarousal of “flight or fight” defense mechanisms. This hyperarousal causes these defense mechanisms to become disorganized, disconnected from present circumstances, and take on a life of their own resulting in abnormal behavior and major personality disorders. As an example of this disconnection of mental functions, some PTSD victim may experience intense emotion but without clear memory of the event; others may remember every detail but without emotion; still others may reexperience both the event and the emotions in intrusive and overwhelming flashback experiences. (7)

Women may experience abortion as a traumatic event for several reasons. Many are forced into an unwanted abortions by husbands, boyfriends, parents, or others. If the woman has repeatedly been a victim of domineering abuse, such an unwanted abortion may be perceived as the ultimate violation in a life characterized by abuse. Other women, no matter how compelling the reasons they have for seeking an abortion, may still perceive the termination of their pregnancy as the violent killing of their own child. The fear, anxiety, pain, and guilt associated with the procedure are mixed into this perception of grotesque and violent death. Still other women, report that the pain of abortion, inflicted upon them by a masked stranger invading their body, feels identical to rape. (8) Indeed, researchers have found that women with a history of sexual assault may experience greater distress during and after an abortion exactly because of these associations between the two experiences. (9) When the stressor leading to PTSD is abortion, some clinicians refer to this as Post-Abortion Syndrome (PAS).

The major symptoms of PTSD are generally classified under three categories: hyperarousal, intrusion, and constriction.

Hyperarousal is a characteristic of inappropriately and chronically aroused “fight or flight” defense mechanisms. The person is seemingly on permanent alert for threats of danger. Symptoms of hyperarousal include: exaggerated startle responses, anxiety attacks, irritability, outbursts of anger or rage, aggressive behavior, difficulty concentrating, hypervigilence, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or physiological reactions upon exposure to situations that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic experience (eg. elevated pulse or sweat during a pelvic exam, or upon hearing a vacuum pump sound.)

Intrusion is the reexperience of the traumatic event at unwanted and unexpected times. Symptoms of intrusion in PAS cases include: recurrent and intrusive thoughts about the abortion or aborted child, flashbacks in which the woman momentarily reexperiences an aspect of the abortion experience, nightmares about the abortion or child, or anniversary reactions of intense grief or depression on the due date of the aborted pregnancy or the anniversary date of the abortion.

 

Constriction is the numbing of emotional resources, or the development of behavioral patterns, so as to avoid stimuli associated with the trauma. It is avoidance behavior; an attempt to deny and avoid negative feelings or people, places, or things which aggravate the negative feelings associated with the trauma. In post-abortion trauma cases, constriction may include: an inability to recall the abortion experience or important parts of it; efforts to avoid activities or situations which may arouse recollections of the abortion; withdrawal from relationships, especially estrangement from those involved in the abortion decision; avoidance of children; efforts to avoid or deny thoughts or feelings about the abortion; restricted range of loving or tender feelings; a sense of a foreshortened future (e.g., does not expect a career, marriage, or children, or a long life.); diminished interest in previously enjoyed activities; drug or alcohol abuse; suicidal thoughts or acts; and other self-destructive tendencies.

As previously mentioned, Barnard’s study identified a 19% rate of PTSD among women who had abortions three to five years previously. But in reality the actual rate is probably higher. Like most post-abortion studies, Barnard’s study was handicapped by a fifty percent drop out rate. Clinical experience has demonstrated that the women least likely to cooperate in post-abortion research are those for whom the abortion caused the most psychological distress. Research has confirmed this insight, demonstrating that the women who refuse followup evaluation most closely match the demographic characteristics of the women who suffer the most post-abortion distress. (10) The extraordinary high rate of refusal to participate in post-abortion studies may interpreted as evidence of constriction or avoidance behavior (not wanting to think about the abortion) which is a major symptom of PTSD.

For many women, the onset or accurate identification of PTSD symptoms may be delayed for several years. (11) Until a PTSD sufferer has received counseling and achieved adequate recovery, PTSD may result in a psychological disability which would prevent an injured abortion patient from bringing action within the normal statutory period. This disability may, therefore, provide grounds for an extended statutory period.

INCREASED SMOKING WITH CORRESPONDENT NEGATIVE HEALTH EFFECTS

Post-abortion stress is linked with increased cigarette smoking. Women who abort are twice as likely to become heavy smokers and suffer the corresponding health risks. (14) Post-abortion women are also more likely to continue smoking during subsequent wanted pregnancies with increased risk of neonatal death or congenital anomalies. (15)

 

DIVORCE AND CHRONIC RELATIONSHIP PROBLEMS

For most couples, an abortion causes unforeseen problems in their relationship. Post-abortion couples are more likely to divorce or separate. Many post-abortion women develop a greater difficulty forming lasting bonds with a male partner. This may be due to abortion related reactions such as lowered self-esteem, greater distrust of males, sexual dysfunction, substance abuse, and increased levels of depression, anxiety, and volatile anger. Women who have more than one abortion (representing about 45% of all abortions) are more likely to require public assistance, in part because they are also more likely to become single parents. (21)

REPEAT ABORTIONS

Women who have one abortion are at increased risk of having additional abortions in the future. Women with a prior abortion experience are four times more likely to abort a current pregnancy than those with no prior abortion history. (22)

This increased risk is associated with the prior abortion due to lowered self esteem, a conscious or unconscious desire for a replacement pregnancy, and increased sexual activity post-abortion. Subsequent abortions may occur because of conflicted desires to become pregnant and have a child and continued pressures to abort, such as abandonment by the new male partner. Aspects of self-punishment through repeated abortions are also reported. (23)

Approximately 45% of all abortions are now repeat abortions. The risk of falling into a repeat abortion pattern should be discussed with a patient considering her first abortion. Furthermore, since women who have more than one abortion are at a significantly increased risk of suffering physical and psychological sequelae, these heightened risks should be thoroughly discussed with women seeking abortions.

 

The most complete listing of psychological problems associated with abortion can be found at at AbortionRisks.org

 


NOTES  Regarding Physical Risks

1. Detrimental Effects of Abortion: An Annotated Bibliography with Commentary (Third Edition) is the most complete review of medical studies relevant to abortion.  It includes brief summaries of major finding drawn from medical and psychology journal articles, books, and related materials, divided into major categories of relevant injuries. An online version of the bibliography can be found at www.AbortionRisks.com2. Kaunitz, “Causes of Maternal Mortality in the United States,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 65(5) May 1985.3. H.L. Howe, et al., “Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk Among Women Under Age 40,” International Journal of Epidemiology 18(2):300-304 (1989); L.I. Remennick, “Induced Abortion as A Cancer Risk Factor: A Review of Epidemiological Evidence,” Journal of Epidemiological Community Health, (1990); M.C. Pike, “Oral Contraceptive Use and Early Abortion as Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Young Women,” British Journal of Cancer 43:72 (1981).4. M-G, Le, et al., “Oral Contraceptive Use and Breast or Cervical Cancer: Preliminary Results of a French Case- Control Study, Hormones and Sexual Factors in Human Cancer Etiology, ed. JP Wolff, et al., Excerpta Medica: New York (1984) pp.139-147; F. Parazzini, et al., “Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Invasive and Intraepithelial Cervical Neoplasia,” British Journal of Cancer, 59:805-809 (1989); H.L. Stewart, et al., “Epidemiology of Cancers of the Uterine Cervix and Corpus, Breast and Ovary in Israel and New York City,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute 37(1):1-96; I. Fujimoto, et al., “Epidemiologic Study of Carcinoma in Situ of the Cervix,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine 30(7):535 (July 1985); N. Weiss, “Events of Reproductive Life and the Incidence of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer,” Am. J. of Epidemiology, 117(2):128-139 (1983); V. Beral, et al., “Does Pregnancy Protect Against Ovarian Cancer,” The Lancet, May 20, 1978, pp. 1083-1087; C. LaVecchia, et al., “Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Women,” International Journal of Cancer, 52:351, 1992.

5. S. Kaali, et al., “The Frequency and Management of Uterine Perforations During First-Trimester Abortions,” Am. J. Obstetrics and Gynecology 161:406-408, August 1989; M. White, “A Case-Control Study of Uterine Perforations documented at Laparoscopy,” Am. J. Obstetrics and Gynecology 129:623 (1977).

6. D. Grimes, et al., “Prevention of uterine perforation During Curettage Abortion,” JAMA, 251:2108-2111 (1984); D. Grimes, et al.,”Local versus General Anesthesia: Which is Safer For Performing Suction Abortions?” Am. J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 135:1030 (1979).

7. K. Schulz, et al., “Measures to Prevent Cervical Injuries During Suction Curettage Abortion,” The Lancet, May 28, 1983, pp 1182-1184; W. Cates, “The Risks Associated with Teenage Abortion,” New England Journal of Medicine, 309(11):612-624; R. Castadot, “Pregnancy Termination: Techniques, Risks, and Complications and Their Management,” Fertility and Sterility, 45(1):5-16 (1986).

8. Barrett, et al., “Induced Abortion: A Risk Factor for Placenta Previa”, American Journal of Ob&Gyn. 141:7 (1981).

9. Hogue, Cates and Tietze, “Impact of Vacuum Aspiration Abortion on Future Childbearing: A Review”, Family Planning Perspectives (May-June 1983),vol.15, no.3.. Jacobsson B, Hagberg G, Hagberg B, Ladfors L, Niklasson A, Hagberg A. Cerebral Palsy in preterm infants: a population-based case-control study of antenatal and intrapartal risk factors. Acta Paediatrica 2002;91:946-951. Calhoun BC, Shadigian E, Rooney B. Cost consequences of induced abortion as an attributable risk for preterm birth and informed consent. J Reprod Med 2007;52:929-939.

10. Daling,et.al., “Ectopic Pregnancy in Relation to Previous Induced Abortion”, JAMA, 253(7):1005-1008 (Feb. 15, 1985); Levin, et.al., “Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion”, American Journal of Public Health (1982), vol.72,p253; C.S. Chung, “Induced Abortion and Ectopic Pregnancy in Subsequent Pregnancies,” American Journal of Epidemiology 115(6):879-887 (1982)

11. T. Radberg, et al., “Chlamydia Trachomatis in Relation to Infections Following First Trimester Abortions,” Acta Obstricia Gynoecological (Supp. 93), 54:478 (1980); L. Westergaard, “Significance of Cervical Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection in Post-abortal Pelvic Inflammatory Disease,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 60(3):322-325, (1982); M. Chacko, et al., “Chlamydia Trachomatosis Infection in Sexually Active Adolescents: Prevalence and Risk Factors,” Pediatrics, 73(6), (1984); M. Barbacci, et al., “Post- Abortal Endometritis and Isolation of Chlamydia Trachomatis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology 68(5):668-690, (1986); S. Duthrie, et al., “Morbidity After Termination of Pregnancy in First-Trimester,” Genitourinary Medicine 63(3):182-187, (1987).

12. Burkman, et al., “Morbidity Risk Among Young Adolescents Undergoing Elective Abortion” Contraception, 30:99-105 (1984); “Post-Abortal Endometritis and Isolation of Chlamydia Trachomatis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology 68(5):668- 690, (1986)

13. Frank, et.al., “Induced Abortion Operations and Their Early Sequelae”, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners (April 1985),35(73):175-180; Grimes DA, Cates W Jr.  Abortion:  Methods and complications.  In:  Hafez ESE, ed.  Human reproduction:  Conception and contraception  (2nd ed).  Hagerstown, Maryland:  Harper and Row, 1980:796‑813.; M.A. Freedman, “Comparison of complication rates in first trimester abortions performed by physician assistants and physicians,” Am. J. Public Health, 76(5):550- 554 (1986).

14. Wadhera, “Legal Abortion Among Teens, 1974-1978”, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 122:1386-1389,(June 1980).

15. Ney, et.al., “The Effects of Pregnancy Loss on Women’s Health,” Soc. Sci. Med. 48(9):1193-1200, 1994; Badgley, Caron, & Powell, Report of the Committee on the Operation of the Abortion Law, Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1977: 319-321.

16. Gissler, M., et. al., “Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994 — definition problems and benefits of record linkage,” Acta Obsetricia et Gynecolgica Scandinavica 76:651-657 (1997).

17. Zhou, Weijin, et. al., “Induced Abortion and Subsequent Pregnancy Duration,” Obstetrics & Gynecology 94(6):948-953 (Dec. 1999).  Klemetti R, Gissler M, Niinimäki M, Hemminki E. Birth outcomes after induced abortion: a nationwide register-based study of first births in Finland. Hum Reprod 2012 Aug 29. [Epub ahead of print]. Rooney B, Calhoun BC. Induced Abortion and Risk of Later Premature Births. Journal American Physicians & Surgeons 2003;8(2):46-49 Bhattacharya S, Lowit A, Bhattacharya S, Raja EA. -et al. Reproductive outcomes following induced abortion: a national register-based study in Scotland. BMJ OPEN Summer 2012. Swingle HM, Colaizy TT, Zimmerman MB, et al Abortion and the risk of subsequent preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Reproductive Med 2009;54:95-108.

18. D. Berkeley, P.L. Humphreys, and D. Davidson, “Demands Made on General Practice by Women Before and After an Abortion,” J. R. Coll. Gen. Pract. 34:310-315, 1984.

19. Frank, et.al., “Induced Abortion Operations and Their Early Sequelae”, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners (April 1985), vol.35,no.73,pp175-180. and Grimes and Cates, “Abortion: Methods and Complications”, Human Reproduction, 2nd ed., 796-813.

NOTES RELATIVE TO SECTION ON PSYCHOLOGICAL RISKS:

1. An excellent resource is Thomas Strahan’s Detrimental Effects of Abortion: An Annotated Bibliography with Commentary (Third Edition) This resource includes brief summaries of major finding drawn from medical and psychology journal articles, books, and related materials, divided into major categories of relevant injuries.  An online version can be found at AbortionRisks.org

2. Ashton,”They Psychosocial Outcome of Induced Abortion”, British Journal of Ob&Gyn., 87:1115-1122, (1980).

3. Badgley, et.al.,Report of the Committee on the Operation of the Abortion Law (Ottawa:Supply and Services, 1977)pp.313-321.

4. R. Somers, “Risk of Admission to Psychiatric Institutions Among Danish Women who Experienced Induced Abortion: An Analysis on National Record Linkage,” Dissertation Abstracts International, Public Health 2621-B, Order No. 7926066 (1979); H. David, et al., “Postpartum and Postabortion Psychotic Reactions,” Family Planning Perspectives 13:88-91 (1981).

5. Kent, et al., “Bereavement in Post-Abortive Women: A Clinical Report”, World Journal of Psychosynthesis (Autumn-Winter 1981), vol.13,nos.3-4.

6. Catherine Barnard, The Long-Term Psychological Effects of Abortion, Portsmouth, N.H.: Institute for Pregnancy Loss, 1990).

7. Herman, Trauma and Recovery, (New York: Basic Books, 1992) 34.

8. Francke, The Ambivalence of Abortion (New York: Random House, 1978) 84-95.

9. Zakus, “Adolescent Abortion Option,” Social Work in Health Care, 12(4):87 (1987); Makhorn, “Sexual Assault & Pregnancy,” New Perspectives on Human Abortion, Mall & Watts, eds., (Washington, D.C.: University Publications of America, 1981).

10. Adler, “Sample Attrition in Studies of Psycho-social Sequelae of Abortion: How great a problem.” Journal of Social Issues, 1979, 35, 100-110.

11. Speckhard, “Postabortion Syndrome: An Emerging Public Health Concern,” Journal of Social Issues, 48(3):95-119.

12. Speckhard, Psycho-social Stress Following Abortion, Sheed & Ward, Kansas City: MO, 1987; and Belsey, et al., “Predictive Factors in Emotional Response to Abortion: King’s Termination Study – IV,” Soc. Sci. & Med., 11:71-82 (1977).

13. Speckhard, Psycho-social Stress Following Abortion, Sheed & Ward, Kansas City: MO, 1987; Gissler, Hemminki & Lonnqvist, “Suicides after pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94: register linkage study,” British Journal of Medicine 313:1431-4, 1996.C. Haignere, et al., “HIV/AIDS Prevention and Multiple Risk Behaviors of Gay Male and Runaway Adolescents,” Sixth International Conference on AIDS: San Francisco, June 1990; N. Campbell, et al., “Abortion in Adolescence,” Adolescence, 23(92):813-823 (1988); H. Vaughan, Canonical Variates of Post-Abortion Syndrome, Portsmouth, NH: Institute for Pregnancy Loss, 1991; B. Garfinkel, “Stress, Depression and Suicide: A Study of Adolescents in Minnesota,” Responding to High Risk Youth, Minnesota Extension Service, University of Minnesota (1986).

14. Harlap, “Characteristics of Pregnant Women Reporting Previous Induced Abortions,” Bulletin World Health Organization, 52:149 (1975); N. Meirik, “Outcome of First Delivery After 2nd Trimester Two Stage Induced Abortion: A Controlled Cohort Study,” Acta Obsetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavia 63(1):45-50(1984); Levin, et al., “Association of Induced Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss,” JAMA, 243:2495-2499, June 27, 1980.

15. Obel, “Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortion: An Analysis of the Population with Special Reference to Prematurity,” Danish Medical Bulletin, 26:192- 199 (1979); Martin, “An Overview: Maternal Nicotine and Caffeine Consumption and Offspring Outcome,” Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Tertology, 4(4):421-427, (1982).

16. Klassen, “Sexual Experience and Drinking Among Women in a U.S. National Survey,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, 15(5):363-39 ; M. Plant, Women, Drinking and Pregnancy, Tavistock Pub, London (1985); Kuzma & Kissinger, “Patterns of Alcohol and Cigarette Use in Pregnancy,” Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Terotology, 3:211-221 (1981).

17. Morrissey, et al., “Stressful Life Events and Alcohol Problems Among Women Seen at a Detoxification Center,” Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 39(9):1159 (1978).

18. Oro, et al., “Perinatal Cocaine and Methamphetamine Exposure Maternal and Neo-Natal Correlates,” J. Pediatrics, 111:571- 578 (1978); D.A. Frank, et al., “Cocaine Use During Pregnancy Prevalence and Correlates,” Pediatrics, 82(6):888 (1988); H. Amaro, et al., “Drug Use Among Adolescent Mothers: Profile of Risk,” Pediatrics 84:144-150, (1989)

19. Speckhard, Psycho-social Stress Following Abortion, Sheed & Ward, Kansas City: MO, 1987; J. Spaulding, et al, “Psychoses Following Therapeutic Abortion, Am. J. of Psychiatry 125(3):364 (1978); R.K. McAll, et al., “Ritual Mourning in Anorexia Nervosa,” The Lancet, August 16, 1980, p. 368.

20. Benedict, et al., “Maternal Perinatal Risk Factors and Child Abuse,” Child Abuse and Neglect, 9:217-224 (1985); P.G. Ney, “Relationship between Abortion and Child Abuse,” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 24:610-620, 1979; Reardon, Aborted Women – Silent No More (Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1987), 129-30, describes a case of woman who beat her three year old son to death shortly after an abortion which triggered a “psychotic episode” of grief, guilt, and misplaced anger.

21. Shepard, et al., “Contraceptive Practice and Repeat Induced Abortion: An Epidemiological Investigation,” J. Biosocial Science, 11:289-302 (1979); M. Bracken, “First and Repeated Abortions: A Study of Decision-Making and Delay,” J. Biosocial Science, 7:473-491 (1975); S. Henshaw, “The Characteristics and Prior Contraceptive Use of U.S. Abortion Patients,” Family Planning Perspectives, 20(4):158-168 (1988); D. Sherman, et al., “The Abortion Experience in Private Practice,” Women and Loss: Psychobiological Perspectives, ed. W.F. Finn, et al., (New York: Praeger Publ. 1985), pp98-107; E.M. Belsey, et al., “Predictive Factors in Emotional Response to Abortion: King’s Termination Study – IV,” Social Science and Medicine, 11:71- 82 (1977); E. Freeman, et al., “Emotional Distress Patterns Among Women Having First or Repeat Abortions,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 55(5):630-636 (1980); C. Berger, et al., “Repeat Abortion: Is it a Problem?” Family Planning Perspectives 16(2):70-75 (1984).

22. Joyce, “The Social and Economic Correlates of Pregnancy Resolution Among Adolescents in New York by Race and Ethnicity: A Multivariate Analysis,” Am. J. of Public Health, 78(6):626-631 (1988); C. Tietze, “Repeat Abortions – Why More?” Family Planning Perspectives 10(5):286-288, (1978).

23. Leach, “The Repeat Abortion Patient,” Family Planning Perspectives, 9(1):37-39 (1977); S. Fischer, “Reflection on Repeated Abortions: The meanings and motivations,” Journal of Social Work Practice 2(2):70-87 (1986); B. Howe, et al., “Repeat Abortion, Blaming the Victims,” Am. J. of Public Health, 69(12):1242-1246, (1979).

Abortion Risks and Complications, copyright 1997, 2000 Elliot Institute.


Comments

Abortion Risks | Abortion Complications | Abortion Dangers | Abortion Side Effects — 131 Comments

  1. I had an abortion last month and since then have being seen blood,sometimes clothed one,sometimes ordinary stains,the blood has now turn to slightly tick and dark color now.pls what shld I do.

    • Hi Temitope,

      If you think you are having complications or something doesn’t seem right, you should definitely see a doctor. If it seems serious I would not go back to the abortion clinic but would seek out another doctor at a medical office or hospital. And definitely tell the doctor that you recently underwent an induced abortion so he or she will know how best to treat your symptoms if you do need medical care.

      I don’t know your circumstances, but if you are struggling emotionally at all, you can visit our healing page for information and resources that can help. There are organizations listed there that offer emotional and spiritual support to help you heal, or just a listening ear if you need to talk. If you aren’t ready to make a phone call but still want help, Rachel’s Vineyard offers support through email as well as a Q&A forum where you can ask questions about healing, etc. You can also contact OptionLine for post-abortion support through LiveChat or text (text “HELPLINE” to 313131).

  2. Hi good evening am really in a confused stage right now am a month pregnant and it seems the owner is not interested what should I do?

  3. I had 5 abortions within 3 years.2013-2015.I was so depressed and unhappy for a very long time.No one knew,even my mother! Then I met a pastor who I was finally able to open up,i confessed everything for the first time and we prayed together for Mercy and Restoration and truly I felt free and no longer burdened with pain and guilt . till date,tho I’m in my early 20s and unmarried,i hvnt had another abortion and I truly feel no guilt.I don’t know what the future holds but I’m very positive. & if your dealing with regrets,guilt and fear of the future, I hope you find Jesus.Its true!theres something about casting ur burdens on him and you’ll feel whole again and face the future excitingly.

    • I am so glad you found so much peace and healing. You are in our prayers. And I pray you will keep us and our work in your prayers as we seek to share that same peace and healing with others.

  4. I have done 7 times abortion and I’m pregnant again. I really don’t know what to do.my boyfriend and me are no more. Please is there any negative effect of many abortion? Thank you

    • Hello Nadia, I’m so glad you found our site. I don’t know your circumstances, or what has led you to the situation you are currently in or to your past abortions. But please know that whatever is going on in your life, you don’t have to continue this cycle. It may seem like you don’t have any other choices, especially if the baby’s father is no longer in the picture. But you do have options and with the right help, you can protect the baby growing inside of you and make good choices for yourself and your unborn child.

      Right now you are likely in crisis — perhaps you feel like you aren’t ready to have a baby or are worried about what this means for your future. Maybe you are facing the prospect of having a child alone, or even being pushed, pressured or forced by others to have an abortion. Perhaps you believe that having an abortion is your only option. It’s okay to be scared or to feel whatever it is you are feeling. But what you shouldn’t do is let those worries and any difficulties you are having right now drive you to make a decision you might regret. Abortion is a decision you can’t undo, and it’s hard to make good decisions when you are facing a crisis.

      The fact that you are coming to this site and asking questions about the risks leads me to think that you are having doubts about undergoing another abortion. I can’t give you any advice on your medical health, but studies have found that repeat abortions do carry risks, including a higher risk of maternal death, breast cancer, preterm birth in later pregnancies, and higher psychological risks for the mother. Plus, abortions in general have all kinds of physical and psychological risks attached to them. So yes, you could be putting yourself at risk by having repeat abortions.

      If you have concerns about your physical or mental health due to the abortions you’ve had, you should talk to a doctor or counselor. If you live in the US and don’t have a doctor already that you trust to talk with about this, you might consider contacting the American Association of Pro-Life Ob/Gyns. They won’t be able to diagnose any problems from a distance, but they might be able to give you some information to put you at ease or put you in touch with a doctor who can help. They may be able to help you with your medical needs during this current pregnancy as well, so please contact them if you don’t have a doctor!

      Second, there are many organizations out there that support women during and after pregnancy, and who can help you sort your plans. This page has a list of organizations nationwide who offer options counseling, practical support (such as medical, housing, school, job, etc) and more to women who are pregnant. You can also get help from OptionLine by texting HELPLINE to 313131 or through their Live Chat link. If you are outside the U.S., contact us at elliotinstitute@gmail.com and I will try to find a local organization that can help you.

      Another thing a pregnancy center can help you with is post-abortion counseling. Even if you don’t feel like your past abortions are affecting things for you, you may have unresolved grief or pain that is driving you to have repeat abortions or affecting other areas of your life. There are groups that offer free and confidential support to help work through these issues and free you from any past issues that are affecting you. They would love to talk with you even if you just call to ask some questions. If you are looking for advice this is a great place to start.

      You need to listen to your heart, find people who can support you and get real information about your options — and you do have options even though it might feel like you don’t. Don’t let yourself be pushed into making a hasty decision you might regret. I would really, really encourage you to look into ALL your options — you need to make sure you have all the information possible before making such a life-altering decision.

      Feel free to send us an email if you need more information or to be put in touch with a group that can help you: elliotinstitute@gmail.com

  5. please remember that a child is a gift from God so do not kill your gift someone is looking for it now but nothing is happening now, I encourage to keep that blessing and God will give you another way to look after it. 1 day that baby will happy to see the stars and the nice colours of the world

  6. I have so much trauma from abortion. If you are not in a position to parent your child, you can gift her to someone in adoption. You will be negatively impacted by the pain of abortion for life. Find a pregnancy resource center and ask for assistance. Many people will love you through this.

  7. Dear Palesa,

    Please don’t give up on your CHILD. If you do, who else will protect him/her? You are a MOTHER already!

    Please, visit http://www.bravelove.org to see what other women have done for their children. You will be amazed by their stories and will find courage to be a great, courageous and brave mother yourself.

    God bless you and your child forever!!!

    Maria Katerina from Albania

  8. Dear Palesa,

    I was saddened to hear of your situation and your distress, which is so understandable.

    I am in Melbourne, Australia, so there’s little I can do to help you directly. But I am a priest and I want you to know that I am praying for you and your baby, and will offer the Holy Mass for you both this evening.

    Know that people here in Australia are praying for you, and in other parts of the world. You are not alone.

    Peace and grace,

    Father Robin

  9. It sounds like you love your baby already and care for her or him. One answer you might consider is adoption. Open adoption can give you some control as to who adopts your baby. We know someone who adopted this way and stays in touch with the birth mother. You would be a very loving mother in choosing adoption if you are not resdy to raise a child right now

  10. Palesa, I have been praying for you and your baby. Thank you for reaching out.
    I was not that smart when I was thinking of having an abortion and ‘leaning on my own understanding’, had the abortion.

    It was the worst, most horrific thing I have ever done in my life. It never really leaves me, the memory cannot be wiped out, the deed cannot be undone. It is so very final.

    I beg you on behalf of your unborn child, ” Please Mommy, let me live. I want to see your face, your smile, feel your arms holding me,,,,now all I hear is your voice and your words and your worries,and I am scared that you will not love me enough to keep me. Please love yourself as much as I love you because with my death you would be killing a part of yourself and the repercussions will never leave you. Please don’t worry about Grandma she will love me as soon as she sees me, how can she help it, she loves you and wants what is best for you and I am a part of you. Please Mommy please, choose life for us.”

    Only God can create life. Your baby is a gift from Him. He sees the bigger picture, we only see a little part of it. Only He knows why this child was sent to you now.

    Get a Bible, get on your knees, read, pray, get to know your Father and Creator, talk to Him. With God all things are possible. He does not force himself on us, He has given us ‘free will’, we have to humbly ask for His help if we want it.

    All the choices are yours.

    God Bless you and your baby abundantly. May God grant you wisdom and understanding in this matter.

  11. Dear Palesa,
    I am praying for you that you will embrace life and be a life-giver, as it appears you do want to be. Nurturing and respecting life is always better in the long run for your body and soul and there are options as so many people have already indicated. Your baby is already a unique living little person. Please give that child the great gift of the chance to be born and to know and love you. Another loving option is that of allowing another couple the opportunity to know and love this child if you feel you really are not able to care for the child right now. Aside from these reasons to bring your pregnancy to fruition, there are many health reasons for you to consider, too. Continue the courageous path you have already started down by reaching out for help and looking at this website. Check out the resource suggestions. There are many people out there who want to help you and who understand. You and your child will remain in my prayers dear Palesa. . Go bless you.

  12. I’m pregnant for man I thought I love, he’s interested in me via marriage. I’m 4 months now he’s not showing concern and I’m feeling terribly bad I don’t want abortion but my family is against me now I’m very ashamed of myself and for DAT I can’t do anything. I feel so worthless what can I do

    • Dear Dequeen,

      I understand how overwhelmed you feel. But please, don’t give into the pressure to abort. The dangers are very real. But most certain of all is that if you had an abortion you would regret it the rest of your life.

      Read some of the comments in response to a very similar message just posted on the same page by a 17-year-old Palesa.

      There are so many women who have been exactly in the same spot as you and Palesa who are encouraging you to make a better chioce. Choose life. As one woman commented: Abortion stops one heart and breaks a second. It will only break your heart.

      If your man or family push for an abortion, tell them first to read about the physical and emotional effects of abortion. How can they really want you to go through that?

      Also, please read about the risk factors that identify women at greatest risk, as it is likely that you fit into one or more of these higher risk categories.

      Please keep in touch. Let us know how you are doing. You’re in my prayers.

  13. Dear Palesa,

    I was also in your situation at age 17 and thinking I had made a terrible mistake getting pregnant. I chose an abortion. To this day ( I am now 63 ) I miss that child and the life I might have had if I had not made the choice I did. I have never married or had children.

    Please this is a decision that will effect the rest of your life. God is on the side of life. Trust Him to help you and guide you and you will be rewarded beyond measure. I will be praying for you.

  14. Dear Palesa,,
    I understand how you must be feeling. This is your little baby who is depending on you to protect it. This little one’s heart is beating under your heart.

    Don’t make the same mistake that I did. I was just a little bit older than you when I got pregnant and I was very confused and had no one to support me and out of fear I aborted my baby. I suffered for years from such pain and grief.

    I would give my life to have my child back. Please allow people to help you to give life to your child and if you feel you cannot support your child you could make an adoption plan.

    Abortion stops one heart and breaks another. I am praying for you.

  15. I will be praying for you, Palesa. (You have such a beautiful name!) I know the fear and confusion you’re feeling now. I was just a year older than you when I became pregnant 38 years ago. My boyfriend wanted me to have an abortion, and I even made an appointment to have one. But, I am eternally grateful that I did not have that abortion and instead chose to allow my child to live.

    During the pregnancy, I considered adoption (which is a beautiful choice – one that blesses the mother, the child, and the adopting family!), but I decided to raise him myself even though I was going to be a single mother. As it turned out, I was able to continue my education and get my Masters degree. I have never once regretted my decision. My son is one of the most loving, kind, and thoughtful human beings I know. I shudder to think of how close I came to never knowing him, all because of fear.

    I encourage you to look into open adoption if you feel you are not yet ready to continue being a Mom. (I say “continue” because you already are a Mom, since your little one is safe inside your womb;-)

    I will pray that joy replace fear about your pregnancy!

  16. Dear Palesa, I am praying for you and your Baby.
    Your Baby is not a mistake. God call him/her to be for a purpose. Trust God!

  17. Dear Palesa, you are not alone in this. God will give you all the graces necessary if you choose life for you and your child. You are already a Mom. I’ve been working with people who have suffered the aftermath of abortion for 13 years and I want more for you and your child than what they have had to live with. Please contact your local crisis pregnancy center. There is help for both of you now and after the birth of your child. There may be times of difficulty, but you won’t have the mental anguish of denying your child life. I am praying for all of you Palesa… please choose life so you both may live.

  18. Dear Palesa:

    I have a close friend who gave her baby up for adoption 51 years ago. This mother’s day they were reconnected thanks to a DNA search through Ancestor.com. It turns out a wonderful family adopted her, and she went on to get a bachelor’s and then a master’s degree, and is now halfway through work on her PhD. What a loss it would have been to both of them and to the world if she had been aborted. I know of others where similar outcomes have come from having their babies instead of aborting them; but I know of no woman who aborted who is happy about that decision today. Many never recover. Take the long view, and reach out to those who have offered to help. Your own eternal happiness is at stake.

  19. I pray for you. Palesa and for your baby and for your boy friend and all others involved in your situation. May God turn this difficulty into a triumph of his grace. You can meet this challenge and having done so you will be a better, stronger person.Troubles overcome build character. you will never regret cherishing this new life within you, a life that comes from the hand of God. Rise up for Jesus who suffered much for us purely out of love Take the long term view. All things pass. God remains. Let me know what I can do to help you and your baby, God’s gift to you and all his people/

  20. We ask our Dear Lord to create an urgent and positive supportive response to this Dear Mom and the Young Man, now the Dad, who together need to be support victims for the lives of creative beings within their lives together. Are You reading this Dear Lord? Peace!

  21. Palesa, I am praying for you. I understand your feelings. When I was 17 I became pregnant. My family was not supportive at all to me. My parents took me to have an abortion. There is not a day that goes by that my heart does not long for my child. There are so many resources avIlable to you today that were not there for me. First contact your local pregnancy center. Then look to see what other resources are in your area. Reaearxh to see if an organization called Embrace Grace is in your area. Embrace Grace is usually in a local church body and will walk along side of you during and after your pregnancy. Prayers for the Father to open doors of opportunity for you.

  22. Dear Palesa,

    I am praying for you in Poland. I will tell friends about your situation. I have many adopted people in my family; some of my friends have adopted children; and I know a young couple who cannot have children, and are so loving and so much want children. They are going to start the process to become adoptive parents this autumn.

    There are so many loving hearts in the world who would raise your baby in a happy, safe and warm home! But there is only ONE heart that your baby is relying on right now, and that is YOUR heart.

    Your baby is depending on YOU. Your baby has only YOU. If your baby could speak now, your baby would ask you, ‘Mom, please let me live; please let me look you in the eyes; please, let me love you; please let me grow up.’

    You can say ‘Yes’ to your baby by keeping her or by giving her to a loving couple for adoption.

    Your baby is depending on YOU and only you to protect her from harm and see her safely into the world. It is a lot to ask of a 17-year-old, but your baby doesn’t know you are 17 and a learner. Your baby only knows that she is inside you, under your heart, safe and protected, and that you are her mother.

  23. Palesa, you will love this baby more than anything! And so will your family. Take advantage of all of the help that is available. I am praying for you!

  24. Dear Palesa,
    You already are a mother! Since the day of conception you have been the mother of this gift from God. Please find a pregnancy resource center near you. They will help support you through this hard time and help you provide for this baby if you decide to parent, or help you with an adoption plan if you decide you can’t at this time. Know that you have the prayer support of many and you can make it through this in a way that will give you peace.

  25. Dear Palesa,

    I am very sorry for your pain.

    I work in Project Rachel Ministry. It helps women and men who are suffering from an abortion decision. When I listen to their stories, my heart is so filled with sorrow. I can understand why they thought that abortion was the answer at that moment but they found out so many things after the abortion that they did not know before. Not one of them would have chosen abortion if they had know all the pain that they would feel. Some feel regret during the abortion, some right after, and some bury it deep in their heart for years.

    When I am facing a difficult decision, I often imagine my life five years from now looking back at this moment. I also think about other times in my life when I made an important decision and see how it changed my life. It helps me to know that I can get through hard times because I have done it before.

    There are lots of people who care and will help you. Abortion is forever. Please do what the person who wrote the last message said about reading testimonies of other teens facing an unplanned pregnancy. You will probably be able to see yourself in their stories.

    You are worth it Palesa, so is your baby.

    Sincerely,
    Allison

  26. Please finish your pregnancy. It is better for you and all. You have months ahead to look at all the options for care. With abortion, you will have a lifetime of regret. Not worth it!

  27. Hello, I know many who would gladly adopt your baby. Please keep the child and trust God to work all things out. I am praying for you right now. No one should ever force you to remove a child from the safety of your womb. You have already shown great courage in contacting other for help and prayer. You are loved greatly.

  28. I am one of many who are praying for you, Palesa. Adoption is a loving option and open adoption means that you can write letters to your child and get reports and pictures from the adoptive parents. Parenting is also a possibility and as someone has already said, we are never ready! I was the youngest of my family and had little experience with young children but a parenting class helped a lot and I just kept praying for God to help me be a good Mom. So many women so deeply regret their abortions; I am praying you will give your child life. You will have months to decide between adoption and parenting.

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