Bibliography of Abortion Complications and Abortion Risks

 

Note: This is an archived article; for the latest research, visit our News and Research pages and www.abortionrisks.org.

Detrimental Effects of Abortion: An Annotated Bibliography with Commentary; edited by Thomas W. Strahan An annotated bibliography of books, journal articles, and research studies regarding topics such as abortion decision making; the physical and psychological affects of abortion; abortion in cases of rape, incest, or fetal defomity; the impact of abortion on men; the impact of abortion on siblings of aborted children; repeat abortions; abortion and race; abortion and religion; and much more. The single best resource on the current literature.

ACOG Executive Board, Statement of Policy – Further Ethical Considerations in Induced Abortion, (Washington, DC: ACOG, 1977), 2.

Adler, N., “Emotional Responses of Women Following Therapeutic Abortion,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 45(3):446-454 (April 1979).

Adler, N., “Sample Attrition in Studies of Psychosocial Sequelae of Abortion: How Great A Problem?” J Applied Soc Psych, 6(3):240-259 (1976).

Adler, N., “Abortion: A Social Psychological Perspective,” Journal of Social Issues 35(1):109-111 (1979).

Adler, N. et al., “Psychological Responses After Abortion,” Science (April 1990) 41-43.

Adler, N., “Unwanted Pregnancy and Abortion: Definitional and Research Issues,” Journal of Social Issues 48(3):19-35 (1992).

Adler, N., David, H., Major, B., Roth, S., Russo, N. & Wyatt, G., “Psychological Factors in Abortion: A Review,” American Psychologist 47:1194-1204 (1992).

Akron Pregnancy Service, Post-Abortion Research Project (Akron, OH: 105 E. Market St., 1993).

Ambulatory Maternal Health Care and Family Planning Services Policies, Principles, Practices, ed. F. Barnes, Committee on Maternal Health Care and Family Planning, Maternal and Child Health Association, American Public Health Association, Interdisciplinary Books and Periodicals for the Professional and Layman (1978).

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: Committee on Professional Standards, Standard for Obstetric-Gynecological Services (1981).

American Psychological Association, Research Review: Psychological Sequelae of Abortion. Unpublished testimony presented to the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General. (Washington, D.C.: Author, 1987).

Angelo, E.J., “Psychiatric Sequelae of Abortion: The Many Faces of Post-Abortion Grief,” Linacre Quarterly 59(2):69-80 (1992).

Angelo, E.J., “Abortion and Women: Signs of the Times.” Paper presented at the American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, May 19, 1997.

Annas, The Rights of Hospital Patients: The Basic ACLU Guide to a Hospital Patient’s Rights (New York: Discus Books, 1975) 68.

Armsworth, M., “Psychological Response to Abortion,” Journal of Counseling & Development 69:377-379 (1991).

Ashton, J., “The Psychosocial Outcome of Induced Abortion,” British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 87:1115-1122 (1980).

Atrash, H., “The effect of pregnancy termination on future reproduction,” Bailliere’s Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 4(2):391-405 (1990).

Babikian & Goldman, “A Study in Teen-Age Pregnancy,” American Journal of Psychiatry 755 (1971).

Badgley et al., Report of the Committee on the Operation of the Abortion Law (Ottawa: Supply and Services, 1997)313-321.

Baker, M., “Men and Abortion,” Esquire, 113:116 (1990).

Barnard, C., The Long Term Psychosocial Effects of Abortion (Portsmouth, N.H.: Institute for Abortion Recovery & Research, 1990).

Beeman, P. Butler., “Peers, Parents, and Partners: Determining the Needs of the Support Person in an Abortion Clinic,” JOGNN (1985) 54-58.

Belsey, E., Greer, H., Lal, S., Lewis, S., & Beard, R., “Predictive Factors in Emotional Response to Abortion,” Social Science & Medicine 11:71-82 (1977).

Berger, C., Gold, D., Andres, D., Gillett, P. & Kinch, R., “Repeat Abortion: Is it a Problem?” Family Planning Perspectives 16(2):70-75 (1984).

Biro, F., Wildey, L., Hillard, P., & Rauh, J., “Acute and Long-Term Consequences of Adolescents Who Choose Abortions.” Pediatric Annals 15(10):667-672 (1986).

Blank, A., “Irrational Reactions to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Vietnam Veterans,” in S. Sonnenberg, A. Blank, & Talbott, eds., The Trauma of War: Stress and Recovery in Vietnam Veterans (Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press, 1985) 88.

Blumberg, et.al., “The Psychological Sequelae of Abortions Performed for a Genetic Indication,” American Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology 122(7): (1975).

Blumenfield, M., Psychological Factors Involved in Request for Elective Abortion (Michael Blumenfield, M.D., Dept. Of Psychiatry, Downstate Medical Center, Box 127, 450 Clarkson Ave., Brooklyn, NY, 11203.)

Bonavoglia, A, The Choices We Made (New York: Random House, 1991).

Borg and Lasker, When Pregnancy Fails (Boston: The Beacon Press, 1981).

Borton, M. “Induced Abortion,” in E. Friedman, et al., eds., Obstetrical Decision Making, Second Edition, (Philadelphia: B.C. Decker Inc., 1987).

Bourne, S. & Lewis, E., “Delayed Psychological Effects of Perinatal Deaths: The Next Pregnancy and the Next Generation,” British Medical Journal 289:147-148 (1984).

Bracken, M.B., et. al., “The Decision to Abort and Psychological Sequelae,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 158:154-162 (1978).

Bracken, M.B., “A Casual Model of Psychosomatic Reactions to Vacuum Aspiration Abortion,” Social Psychiatry 13:135-145 (1984).

Bracken, M.B., et. al., “Coping with Pregnancy Resolution among Women in an Urban Population,” Sociology 9:225-254 (1978).

Bradley, C., “Abortion and Subsequent Pregnancy,” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 29:494 (1984).

Brewer, C., “Incidence of post-abortion psychosis: a prospective study,” British Medical Journal 1:476-477 (1977).

Brody, J., “Study Disputes Abortion Trauma,” New York Times Feb. 12, 1997.

Broome, A., “Abortion Counseling,” Nursing Mirror 158(20): 19-20 (May 1984).

Brown, D., Elkins, T.E., Lardson, D.B., “Prolonged Grieving After Abortion,”Journal of Clinical Ethics 4(2):118-123 (1993).

Burnell, G. & Burnell, Clinical Management of Bereavement (New York: Human Sciences Press, 1989).

Butterfield, L., Incidence of Post-Traumatic Stress and Grief Following Abortion, Unpublished doctoral dissertation (University of Virginia, 1988).

Calderone, M., “Illegal Abortion as a Public Health Problem,” American Journal of Public Health 50:951 (1960).

Callahan, D., “An Ethical Challenge to Prochoice Advocates: Abortion & The Pluralistic Proposition,” Commonweal (November 23, 1990) 681-687.

Campbell, N., Franco, K. & Jurs, S., “Abortion in Adolescence.” Adolescence 23(92): 813-823 (1988).

Canterbury v. Spence, 464 F.2d 772 (D.C. Cir. 1972) at 789.

Cavenar, et.al., “Psychiatric Sequelae of Therapeutic Abortions,” North Carolina Medical Journal 39: (1978).

Cavenar, J., Maltbie, A. & Sullivan, J., “Aftermath of Abortion: Anniversary Depression and Abdominal Pain,” Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic 42:433-438 (1978).

Cohen & Roth, “Coping With Abortion,” Journal of Human Stress 10:140-145 (1984).

Coleman, P.K., and Nelson, E.S., “The Quality of Abortion Decisions and College Students’ Reports of Post-Abortion Emotional Sequelae and Abortion Attitudes.” Presented at the Biennial Conference of the Society for Research in Child Development, Washington, D.C., April 1997.

Congleton, G. & Calhoun, L., “Post-Abortion Perceptions: A Comparison of Self-Identified Distressed and Nondistressed Populations.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August 1993.

Conroy, M., “Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention,” Child Welfare Report 3(8):1-2 (1998).

Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association, “Induced Termination of Pregnancy Before and After Roe v. Wade: Trends in the Mortality and Morbidity of Women,” JAMA, 268(22):3231-3239 (Dec. 9, 1992).

Crawford, D. & Mannion, M., Psycho-Spiritual Healing After Abortion (Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward, 1989).

Cunningham, P. & Forsythe, C., “Is Abortion the `First Right’ for Women,” in J. Butler & D. Walbert, eds., Abortion, Medicine & the Law (New York: Facts on File, 1992) 100-148.

Dagg, P., “The Psychological Sequelae of Therapeutic Abortion,” American Journal of Psychiatry 148(5):578-585 (1991).

David, H., “Post Abortion Syndrome?” Abortion Research Notes 16(3):1 (December 1987).

David, H.P., “Post-abortion and Post-partum Psychiatric Hospitilization,” Abortion: Medical Progress and Social Implications (London: CIBA Foundation Symposium 115, 1985) 150-64.

David, H. Rasmussen, N. & Holst, E., “Postpartum and Postabortion Psychotic Reactions,” Family Planning Perspectives, 13:88-91 (1981).

David, H., et.al., Born Unwanted: Developmental Effects of Denied Abortion (New York: Springer Pub. Co., 1988).

Denes, M., In Necessity and Sorrow (New York: Basic Books, 1976).

De Veber, L., Ajzenstat, J. & Chisholm, D., “Postabortion Grief: Psychological Sequelae of Induced Abortion,” Humane Medicine 7:203-209 (1991).

Deutsch, M., Personality Factors, Self-Concept, and Family Variables Related to First Time and Repeat Abortion-Seeking Behavior in Adolescent Women. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation (Washington, D.C.: American University, 1982).

Devore, N., “The Relationship Between Previous Elective Abortions and Postpartum Depressive Reactions,” Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic Neonatal Nursing (July/August) 237-240.

Doka, K., Disenfranchised Grief (New York: Harbinger, 1989).

Dunlop, “Counseling of Patients Requesting an Abortion,” The Practioner 220:847-852 (1978).

“Ectopic Pregnancy: United States, 1990-1992,” MMWR (January 27, 1995) 46-48.

El-Mallakh, R. & Tasman, A., “Recurrent Abortions in a Bulimic: Implications Regarding Pathogenesis,” International Journal of Eating Disorders 10(2):215-219 (1991).

Eth, S. & Pynoos, R., eds., Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children (Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1985).

Evans, J.R. , Selstad, G., and Welcher, W., “Teenagers: Fertility Control Behavior and Attitudes Before and After Abortion, Childbearing, or Negative Pregnancy Test,” Family Planning Perspectives 8(4):192-200 (1976).

**Evans, “A Review of ‘The Abortion Choice: Psychological Determinants and Consequences,” prepared for Dr. L.L. de Veber, Department of Paediatrics, University of Western Ontario (February, 1975). Text available from Human Life Research Institute office, 240 Church St., Toronto, Ontario.

**Fisher, S., “Reflections on Repeated Abortions: The Meanings and Motivations,”Journal of Social Work Practice 2(2):70-87 (1986).

Franco, K. et al., “Anniversary Reactions and Due Date Responses Following Abortion,” Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 52, 151-154 (1989).

Franz, W. & Reardon, D., “Differential Impact of Abortion on Adolescents & Adults,” Adolescence 27(105):162-172.

Frederick, C., “Effects of natural versus human-induced violence upon victims” Evaluation and Change (Special Issue), 71-75 (1980).

Freeman, E., Rickels, K. & Huggins, G., “Emotional Distress Patterns Among Women Having First or Repeat Abortions,” Obstetrics & Gynecology 55(5):625-635 (1980).

Friedman,et.al., “The Decision-Making Process and the Outcome of Therapeutic Abortion,” American Journal of Psychiatry 131:1332-1337 (December 12, 1971).

Furlong and Black, “Pregnancy Termination for Genetic Indications: The Impact on Families,” Social Work in Health Care 10(1): (Fall 1984).

Gallup Poll, Newsweek (February 17, 1992).

Garfinkel, B. et al., “Stress, Depression and Suicide: A Study of Adolescents in Minnesota,” Responding to High Risk Youth (Minnesota Extension Service: University of Minnesota, 1986).

Gath & Rose, “Psychological Problems & Gynacological Surgery” in Psychological Disorders in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (London: Butterworths, 1985).

**Gibbons,”Psychiatric Sequelae of Induced Abortion”, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners (1984),vol.34, pp.146-150.

Gissler, M., et. al., “Suicides After Pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94: Register Linkage Study,” British Medical Journal 313:1431-4 (1996).

Gold, J., “Adolescents and Abortion,” in N. Stotland, ed., Psychiatric Aspects of Abortion (Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press, 1989) 187-195.

Gold, D., et.al., The Abortion Choice: Psychological Determinants and Consequences (Montreal: Concordia University Department of Psychology, 1984).

Hanley, D., Piersma, H., King, D., Larson, D. & Foy, D., “Women Outpatients Reporting Continuing Post-Abortion Distress: A Preliminary Inquiry.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Post-Traumatic Stress Studies, Los Angeles, CA, October 23, 1992.

Harlap, S., & Davies, M., “Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor,” American Journal of Epidemiology 102(3):217-224 (1975).

Harris, B., “Socially Unacknowledged Parental Bereavements: Induced Abortion,” in T. Rando ed., Parental Loss of a Child (Champaign, Ill: Research Press, 1986) 249.

Harris, B, “Induced Abortion,” in T. Rando, ed., Parental Loss of a Child (Champaign, IL.: Research Press, l986) 241-256.

Hartz, G., “Adult Grief and Its Interface with Mood Disorder: Proposal of a New Diagnosis of Complicated Bereavement,” Comprehensive Psychiatry 27:60-64 (1986).

Heath, D.S., “Psychiatry and Abortion”, Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 16:55-63 (1971).

Helmrath, T. & Steinitz, E., “Death of an Infant: Parental Grieving and the Failure of Social Support,” Journal of Family Practice 6:785-790 (1978).

Herman, J., Trauma & Recovery (New York: Basic Books, 1992)

Hern, W., Abortion Practice (Boulder, CO: Alpenglo Graphics, Inc., 1990).

Herz, E., “Psychological Repercussions of Pregnancy Loss,” Psychiatric Annals 14:454-457 (1984).

Hittner, A., “Feelings of Well-Being Before and After an Abortion,” American Mental Health Counselors Association Journal 9(2):98-104 (1987).

**Horowitz, M., “Stress-response Syndromes: Post-Traumatic and Adjustment Disorders,” in R. Michels, et al., eds., Psychiatry (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1990) 8.

Howe, H. et. al., “Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk Among Women Under Age 40,” International Journal of Epidemiology 18:300-304 (1989).

Huckeba, W. & Mueller, C, Systematic Analysis of Research on Psycho-social Effects of Abortion Reported in Refereed Journals, l966-1985. Unpublished research monograph (Washington, D.C.: Family Research Council, 1987.)

Hunter, J.D., Before the Shooting Begins: Searching for Democracy in America’s Cultural War (New York: Free Press, 1994) 93.

Hunter, B., The Relationship Between a Woman’s Attachment History and Her Work/Family Decisions. Paper presented at Family Research Council Briefing, Washington, D.C., May 1992.

Imber-Black, E., Secrets in Families and Family Therapy (New York: Norton, 1993).

IPPF International Medical Advisory Panel, “IMAP Statement on Abortion,” (International Planned Parenthood Federation) IPPF Medical Bulletin 27(4):1 (1993).

Jones, E.F. & Forrest, J.D., “Underreporting of Abortion in Surveys of U.S. Women: 1976 to 1988,” Demography 29(1):113-126 (1992).

Jordon, J., Loss and Family Development: Clinical Implications. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Boston, Massachusetts, 1990.

Joy, S., “Abortion: An Issue to Grieve?” Journal of Counseling & Development 63(6):375-376 (l985).

Kastenbaum, R., “A Larger Perspective: The Death System,” in Death, Society & Human Experience (St. Louis, Mo.: C.V. Mosby, 1977) 76-97.

Kaufman, J., “Intrapsychic Dimensions of Disenfranchised Grief,” in K. Doka, ed., Disenfranchised Grief (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989) 26-29.

Kennell, J., Slyter, H., & Klaus, M., “The Mourning Response of Parents to the Death of a Newborn Infant,” New England Journal of Medicine 243:344 (1970).

Kent, et al., “Bereavement in Post-Abortive Women: A Clinical Report,” World Journal of Psychosynthesis 13(3-4): (1981).

Kent, I., et.al., “Emotional Sequelae of elective Abortion,” British Columbia Medical Journal 20:118-9 (1978).

**Klaus, M. & Kennell, J., Maternal-Infant Bonding (St. Louis, MO: C.V. Mosby, 1976).

Klein, M., Sexual Secrets. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, Beverly Hills, CA, 1997.

**Koop, C., Letter to President Ronald Reagan concerning the health risks of induced abortion, January 9, 1989. In Medical & Psychological Impact of Abortion (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office) 68-71.

Koop, C., Testimony Before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee, U.S. House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, Washington, D.C., March 16, 1989.

Kumar, R. & Robson, K., “Previous Induced Abortion and Ante-Natal Depression in Primiparae: Preliminary Report of a Survey of Mental Health in Pregnancy,” Psychological Medicine 8:711-715 (1978).

Lalinec-Michaud, M. & Engelsmann, F., “Depression and Hysterectomy: A Prospective Study,” Psychosomatics 25:550-558 (1984).

Landy, U., “Abortion Counseling: A New Component of Medical Care,” Clinics in Obstetrics and Gynaecology 13(1):33-42 (1986).

Lask, B., “Short-term Psychiatric Sequelae to Therapeutic Termination of Pregnancy,” Journal of Psychiatry 126:173-177 (1975).

Lazarus, A. & Stern, R., “Psychiatric Aspects of Pregnancy Termination,”Clinics in Obstetrics & Gynaecology 13:125-134 (1986).

Lazarus, A., “Psychiatric Sequelae of Legalized Elective First Trimester Abortion”, Journal of Psychosomatic Ob&Gyn 4:141-150 (1985).

Lemkau, J., “Post-abortion Adjustment of Health Care Professionals in Training,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 61(1):92-102 (1991).

Liebman, M.H. & Zimmer, J.S., The Psychological Sequelae of Abortion: Fact and Fallacy,” in D. Mall & W.F. Watts, eds., Psychological Aspects of Abortion (Washington, D.C.: University Publications of America, 1979).

Lifton, R., “The Concept of the Survivor,” in J. Dimsdale, ed., Survivors, Victims, and Perpetrators (New York: Hemisphere, 113-126, 1980).

Lifton, R., The Broken Connection (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979) 176.

Lloyd, “Sequelae and Support After Termination of Pregnancy for Fetal Malformation,” British Medical Journal 290:907-909 (1985).

Lodl, K. McGettigan, A. & Bucy, J., “Women’s Responses to Abortion,” Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality 3:119-132 (1985).

Louis Harris & Assoc., “The Health of American Women.” Commissioned by the Commonwealth Fund, April 20, 1993, Table 418, p. 451.

Major, B. et al., “Attributions, Expectations and Coping with Abortion” Journal of Personality & Social Psychology 48(3):585-599 (1985).

Major, B., Cozzarelli, C., “Psychosocial Predictors of Adjustment to Abortion,” Journal of Social Issues 48,(3):121-142 (1992).

Makhorn, S., “Sexual Assault & Pregnancy,” in Mall & Watts, eds., New Perspectives on Human Abortion, (Washington, D.C.: University Publications of America, 1981).

Mall and Watts, eds., The Psychological Aspects of Abortion (Washington D.C.: University Publications of America, 1979)

Marecek, J., “Consequences of Adolescent Childbearing and Abortion,” in G. Melton, ed., Adolescent Abortion: Psychological & Legal Issues (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1986) 96-115.

Margolis, et al., “Therapeutic Abortion Follow-up Study,” American Journal of Obstecrics & Gynecology 110(2): (1971).

Martin, “Psychological Problems of Abortion for Unwed Teenage Girls,”Genetic Psychology Monographs 88:23-110 (1973).

**Matsakis, A., I Can’t Get Over It: A Handbook for Trauma Survivors (Oakland, CA: New Harbinger, 1992).

Mattinson, “The Effects of Abortion on a Marriage,” Abortion: Medical Progress and Social Implications (Ciba Foundation Symposium, London: Pitman, 1985) 115:165-177.

McAll, “Ritual Mourning in Anorexia Nervosa,” The Lancet (August 17, 1980) 368.

McAll, K., & Wilson, W.P., “Ritual Mourning of Unresolved Grief After Abortion, Southern Medical Journal 80:7, July 1987.

McCann, I. & Pearlman, L., Psychological Trauma and the Adult Survivor (New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1990).

McDonnell, K., Not An Easy Choice (Ontario: Women’s Press, 1984).

McGovern, C., “Deeply Flawed Study Hides Painful Reality of PAS,” NRL News (December 7, 1993) 19 & 24. (Reprinted from Western Report, October 4, 1993.)

Melges, F. & DeMaso, D., “Grief-Resolution Therapy: Reliving, Revising and Revisiting,” American Journal of Psychotherapy 24(1):51-60 (1980).

Michels, N., Helping Women Recover from Abortion (Minneapolis, MN: Bethany, 1988).

Middleton, W., Raphael, B., Martinek, N. & Misso, V., “Pathological Grief Reactions,” in M. Stroebe, et al., eds., Handbook of Bereavement: Theory, Research & Intervention (New York: University of Cambridge Press, 1993) 44-61.

Miller, L., “Psychotic Denial of Pregnancy: Phenomenology and Clinical Management.” Hospital and Community Psychiatry 41(11):1233-1237 (1990).

Miller, W.B., “An Empirical Study of the Psychological Antecedents and Consequences of Induced Abortion,” Journal of Social Issues 48:67-94 (1992).

Moseley, O.T., et al, “Psychological Factors That Predict Reaction to Abortion,” Journal of Clinical Psychology 37:276-9 (1981).

Mosher, S., The Broken Earth: The Rural Chinese (New York: Free Press, 1983) 261.

Mueller, P. & Major, B., “Self-blame, Self-efficacy and Adjustment to Abortion,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57:1059-1068 (1989).

Najimy, K., “Kathy Najimy,” in A. Bonavoglia, ed., The Choices We Made (New York: Random House, 1991) 185.

Ney, P., “A Consideration of Abortion Survivors,” Child Psychiatry and Human Development 13:168-179 (Spring 1983).

Ney, P., Fung, T., Wickett, A., “Relationship Between Induced Abortion and Child Abuse and Neglect: Four Studies,” Pre- and Pari-natal Psychology Journal 8(1):44-63 (1993).

**Ney, P., “Postabortion Survivors’ Syndrome.” Paper presented in Washington, D.C.: Office of Post-Abortion Reconciliation & Healing, 1993.

Ney, P., “Some Real Issues Surrounding Abortion, or, the Current Practice of Abortion is Unscientific,” The Journal of Clinical Ethics 4(2):179-180 (1993).

Ney, P. & Wickett, A., “Mental Health & Abortion: Review & Analysis,” Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa 14:506-516 (1989).

O’Brien, “Induced Abortion: Anniversary Grief Reactions,” Proceedings of the Seventh World Congress of Psychiatry (1984) F.P.757.

Ochberg, F., ed., Post-traumatic Therapy and Victims of Violence (New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1988).

Open Arms, Abortion Information Survey Project (Columbia, MO: P.O. Box 1056, 1993).

Osborn, C., “The Impact of Grief Following Spontaneous and Induced Abortion.” Paper presented at the international conference on “Helping Young People Cope with Death,” King’s College, London, Ontario, 1987.

Osofsky, J. & Osofsky, H., “The psychological reaction of patients to legalized abortion,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 42:48-60 (1972).

**Osofsky, J.D., et al., “Psychological Effects of Abortion: with Emphasis upon the Immediate Reactions and Followup,” in H. J. Osofsky & J.D. Osofsky, eds., The Abortion Experience (Hagerstown, MD: Harper & Row, 1973), 189-205.

**Osofsky, eds., The Abortion Experience (New York: Harper and Row Publishers, Inc., 1973).

Pare and Raven, “Follow-up of Patients Referred for Termination of Pregnancy,”The Lancet 1:635-638 (1970).

Parkes, C. & Weiss, R., Recovery from Bereavement (New York: Basic Books, 1983).

Payne, et. al., “Outcome Following Therapeutic Abortion,” Archives of General Psychiatry 33:725-733 (1976).

Peppers, L. & Knapp, R., Motherhood and Mourning (New York: Praeger, 1980).

Peppers, L., “Grief and Elective Abortion: Breaking the Emotional Bond?” Omega 18(1):1-12 (1987).

Perez-Reyes and Falk, “Follow-up after Therapeutic Abortion in Early Adolescence,” Archives of General Psychiatry 28:120-126 (1973).

**Peterson, K., Prout, M. & Schwarz, R., Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Clinician’s Guide (New York: Plenum Press, 1991).

Planned Parenthood v. Casey 120 L Ed 2d 674 (1992) at 718.

Planned Parenthood v. Danforth 428 U.S. 51 (1975) at 67

Planned Parenthood Federation of America, “The Emotional Effects of Induced Abortion,” Fact Sheet (New York: NY, 1993) 1-6.

Plant, M., Women, Drinking and Pregnancy (London: Tavistock, 1985).

Pliner, A., Yates, S., “Psychological and Legal Issues in Minors’ Rights to Abortion,” Journal of Social Issues 48(3):203-216 (1992).

Posavac, E. & Miller, T., “Some Problems Caused by Not Having a Conceptual Foundation for Health Research: An Illustration from Studies of the Psychological Effects of Abortion,” Psychology & Health 5:13-23 (1990).

“Post-Abortion,” USA Today Feb. 10, 1988.

Rando, T., Grief, Dying and Death: Clinical Interventions for Caregivers (Champaign, IL: Research Press, 1984) 132-133.

Raphael, B., Anatomy of Bereavement (New York: Basic, 1983).

Rayburn and Laferia, “Mid-Gestational Abortion for Medical or Genetic Indications,” Clinics in Obstetrics & Gynecology 13(1): (March 1986).

Reardon, D., “Feminist Researcher ‘Proves” Abortion Increases Self-Esteem” The Post-Abortion Review 3(2):4-7 (1995).

Reardon, D., Abortion Malpractice (Dallas: Life Dynamics, 1993).

Reardon, D., “Psychological Reactions Reported After Abortion,” The Post-Abortion Review 2(3):4-8 (1994).

Reardon, D., “JAMA Gymnastics: Jumping Through Hoops to Prove Abortion is Safe,” The Post Abortion Review 1(2):3-5 (1993).

Reardon, D., Aborted Women, Silent No More (Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1987).

Reisser, T. & Reisser, P., Help for the Post-Abortion Woman (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1989).

Remennick, L., “Induced Abortion as a Cancer Risk Factor: A Review of Epidemiological Evidence,” Journal of Epidemiological Community Health 32:442-455 (1990).

Richards, D., “A Post-Hysterectomy Syndrome,” The Lancet II: 983-985 (1974).

Robbins, J., “Out of Wedlock Abortion and Delivery: The Importance of the Male Partner,” Social Problems 31:334-350 (1984).

Rogers, J., Stoms, G. & Phifer, J., “Psychological Impact of Abortion,”Health Care for Women International 10:347-376 (1989).

Rogers, J. (1991). “Utilization of Data in the Ongoing Public Debate Over Abortion,” Family Perspective 25(3):179-199 (1991).

Rogers, J., Phifer, J., & Nelson, J., “Validity of Existing Controlled Studies Examining the Psychological Effects of Abortion,” Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 39(1):20-30 (1987).

Rosenfeld, J., “Emotional Responses to Therapeutic Abortion,” American Family Physician 45(1):137-140 (1992).

Rue, V. & Speckhard, A., “Informed Consent & Abortion: Issues in Medicine & Counseling,” Medicine & Mind 6(1):75-94.

Rue, V., Speckhard, A., Rogers, J. & Franz, W., “The Psychological Aftermath of Abortion : A White Paper.” Presented to of the Office of the Surgeon General, Department of Health & Human Services, Washington, D.C., 1987.

Rue, V., “Post-Abortion Syndrome.” Paper presented at the 1st National Conference on Post-Abortion Healing, University of Notre Dame, 1986.

Rue, V., “Abortion in Relationship Context,” International Review of Natural Family Planning 19(2):95-121 (1986).

Rue, V. & Speckhard, A., “Post-abortion Trauma: Incidence & Diagnostic Considerations,” Medicine & Mind 6(1):57-74 (1991).

Russo, N, Horn, J., & Schwartz, R., “U.S. Abortions in Context: Selected Characteristics and Motivations of Women Seeking Abortions,” Journal of Social Issues 48(3):183-202 (1992).

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