Abortion Risks: A list of major physical complications related to abortion

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Approximately 10% of women undergoing induced abortion suffer from immediate complications, of which one-fifth (2%) were considered major.19 However the majority of complications take time to develop and will not be apparent for days, months or even years. Major risks and complications of abortion are described, with citations to the medical literature, below.

DEATH:

Death Rates in Finland During the First Year Following Abortion, Miscarriage, or Delivery Compared to an Age Adjusted Population of Women Who Had Not Had Not Been Pregnant in the Previous Year

According to the best record based study of deaths following pregnancy and abortion, a 1997 government funded study in Finland, women who abort are approximately four times more likely to die in the following year than women who carry their pregnancies to term. In addition, women who carry to term are only half as likely to die as women who were not pregnant.16 (Click here for more details on this important study.)   

Comparison of deaths from natural causes (excluding suicide, accidents, and violence) by pregnancy outcome compared to women not pregnant in the year prior to their death.

Women who had abortions were 3.4 times more likely to commit suicide compared to women who had not been pregnant in the previous year and 6 times more likely to commit suicide than women who delivered.

The Finland researchers found that compared to women who carried to term, women who aborted in the year prior to their deaths were 60 percent more likely to die of natural causes, seven times more likely to die of suicide, four times more likely to die of injuries related to accidents, and 14 times more likely to die from homicide.

Researchers believe the higher rate of deaths related to accidents and homicide may be linked to higher rates of suicidal or risk-taking behavior.16 (Click here for details on the latest research regarding abortion associated deaths.)

The leading causes of abortion related maternal deaths within a week of the surgery are hemorrhage, infection, embolism, anesthesia, and undiagnosed ectopic pregnancies. Legal abortion is reported as the fifth leading cause of maternal death in the United States, though in fact it is recognized that most abortion-related deaths are not officially reported as such.2 (Click here for more details on the underreporting of abortion related deaths in the U.S.)

Maternal Mortality Rates in Denmark for Women Following Abortion Compared to Women Following Delivery

Mortality Rates in Denmark Relative to the Number of Abortions a Woman Has

Two studies of the entire population of women in Denmark published in 2012 have shown similar results.  The first found that the risk of death following abortion remains higher in each of the first ten years following the abortion.  The second found that the risk of death increases with each abortion, 45% after one abortion, 114% after two abortions, and 192 percent after three or more abortions.

For a complete review of the literature see Deaths associated with abortion compared to childbirth: a review of new and old data and the medical and legal implications (2004).

CERVICAL, OVARIAN, AND LIVER CANCER:

Women with a history of one abortion face a 2.3 times higher risk of having cervical cancer, compared to women with no history of abortion.  Women with two or more abortions face a 4.92 relative risk. Similar elevated risks of subsequent ovarian and liver cancer have also been linked to single and multiple abortions. These increased cancer rates for post-aborted women may be  linked to the unnatural disruption of the hormonal changes which accompany pregnancy and untreated cervical damage or to increased stress and the negative impact of stress on the immune system.4

UTERINE PERFORATION:

Between 2 and 3% of all abortion patients may suffer perforation of their uterus, yet most of these injuries will remain undiagnosed and untreated unless laparoscopic visualization is performed.5 Such an examination may be useful when beginning an abortion malpractice suit. The risk of uterine perforation is increased for women who have previously given birth and for those who receive general anesthesia at the time of the abortion.(6) Uterine damage may result in complications in later pregnancies and may eventually evolve into problems which require a hysterectomy, which itself may result in a number of additional complications and injuries including osteoporosis.

CERVICAL LACERATIONS:

Significant cervical lacerations requiring sutures occur in at least one percent of first trimester abortions. Lesser lacerations, or micro fractures, which would normally not be treated may also result in long term reproductive damage. Latent post-abortion cervical damage may result in subsequent cervical incompetence, premature delivery, and complications of labor. The risk of cervical damage is greater for teenagers, for second trimester abortions, and when practitioners fail to use laminaria for dilation of the cervix.7

PLACENTA PREVIA:

Abortion increases the risk of placenta previa in later pregnancies (a life threatening condition for both the mother and her wanted pregnancy) by seven to fifteen fold. Abnormal development of the placenta due to uterine damage increases the risk of fetal malformation, perinatal death, and excessive bleeding during labor.8

SUBSEQUENT PRE-TERM DELIVERIES AND OTHER COMPLICATIONS OF LABOR:

Women who had one, two, or more previous induced abortions are, respectively, 1.89, 2.66, or 2.03 times more likely to have a subsequent pre-term delivery, compared to women who carry to term. Prior induced abortion not only increased the risk of premature delivery, it also increased the risk of delayed delivery. Women who had one, two, or more induced abortions are, respectively, 1.89, 2.61, and 2.23 times more likely to have a post-term delivery (over 42 weeks).17 Pre-term delivery increases the risk of neonatal death and handicaps.

HANDICAPPED NEWBORNS IN LATER PREGNANCIES:

Abortion is associated with cervical and uterine damage which may increase the risk of premature delivery, complications of labor and abnormal development of the placenta in later pregnancies. These reproductive complications are the leading causes of handicaps among newborns.9

ECTOPIC PREGNANCY:

Abortion is significantly related to an increased risk of subsequent ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancies, in turn, are life threatening and may result in reduced fertility.10

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID):

PID is a potentially life threatening disease which can lead to an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and reduced fertility. Of patients who have a chlamydia infection at the time of the abortion, 23% will develop PID within 4 weeks. Studies have found that 20 to 27% of patients seeking abortion have a chlamydia infection. Approximately 5% of patients who are not infected by chlamydia develop PID within 4 weeks after a first trimester abortion. It is therefore reasonable to expect that abortion providers should screen for and treat such infections prior to an abortion.11

ENDOMETRITIS:
Endometritis is a post-abortion risk for all women, but especially for teenagers, who are 2.5 times more likely than women 20-29 to acquire endometritis following abortion.12

IMMEDIATE COMPLICATIONS:

Approximately 10% of women undergoing elective abortion will suffer immediate complications, of which approximately one-fifth (2%) are considered life threatening. The nine most common major complications which can occur at the time of an abortion are: infection, excessive bleeding, embolism, ripping or perforation of the uterus, anesthesia complications, convulsions, hemorrhage, cervical injury, and endotoxic shock. The most common “minor” complications include: infection, bleeding, fever, second degree burns, chronic abdominal pain, vomiting, gastro-intestinal disturbances, and Rh sensitization.13

INCREASED RISKS FOR WOMEN SEEKING MULTIPLE ABORTIONS:

In general, most of the studies cited above reflect risk factors for women who undergo a single abortion. These same studies show that women who have multiple abortions face a much greater risk of experiencing these complications. This point is especially noteworthy since approximately 45% of all abortions are for repeat aborters.

LOWER GENERAL HEALTH:

In a survey of 1428 women researchers found that pregnancy loss, and particularly losses due to induced abortion, was significantly associated with an overall lower health. Multiple abortions correlated to an even lower evaluation of “present health.” While miscarriage was detrimental to health, abortion was found to have a greater correlation to poor health. These findings support previous research which reported that during the year following an abortion women visited their family doctors 80% more for all reasons and 180% more for psychosocial reasons. The authors also found that “if a partner is present and not supportive, the miscarriage rate is more than double and the abortion rate is four times greater than if he is present and supportive. If the partner is absent the abortion rate is six times greater.” (15)

This finding is supported by a 1984 study that examined the amount of health care sought by women during a year before and a year after their induced abortions. The researchers found that on average, there was an 80 percent increase in the number of doctor visits and a 180 percent increase in doctor visits for psychosocial reasons after abortion.18

INCREASED RISK FOR CONTRIBUTING HEALTH RISK FACTORS:

Abortion is significantly linked to behavioral changes such as promiscuity, smoking, drug abuse, and eating disorders which all contribute to increased risks of health problems. For example, promiscuity and abortion are each linked to increased rates of PID and ectopic pregnancies. Which contributes most is unclear, but apportionment may be irrelevant if the promiscuity is itself a reaction to post- abortion trauma or loss of self esteem.

INCREASED RISKS FOR TEENAGERS:

Teenagers, who account for about 30 percent of all abortions, are also at much high risk of suffering many abortion related complications. This is true of both immediate complications, and of long-term reproductive damage.14

PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS:

See this link Psychological Complications

The most complete listing of physical complications
associated with abortion can be found at at AbortionRisks.org



NOTES

1. Detrimental Effects of Abortion: An Annotated Bibliography with Commentary (Third Edition) is the most complete review of medical studies relevant to abortion.  It includes brief summaries of major finding drawn from medical and psychology journal articles, books, and related materials, divided into major categories of relevant injuries. An online version of the bibliography can be found at www.AbortionRisks.com2. Kaunitz, “Causes of Maternal Mortality in the United States,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 65(5) May 1985.3. H.L. Howe, et al., “Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk Among Women Under Age 40,” International Journal of Epidemiology 18(2):300-304 (1989); L.I. Remennick, “Induced Abortion as A Cancer Risk Factor: A Review of Epidemiological Evidence,” Journal of Epidemiological Community Health, (1990); M.C. Pike, “Oral Contraceptive Use and Early Abortion as Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Young Women,” British Journal of Cancer 43:72 (1981).4. M-G, Le, et al., “Oral Contraceptive Use and Breast or Cervical Cancer: Preliminary Results of a French Case- Control Study, Hormones and Sexual Factors in Human Cancer Etiology, ed. JP Wolff, et al., Excerpta Medica: New York (1984) pp.139-147; F. Parazzini, et al., “Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Invasive and Intraepithelial Cervical Neoplasia,” British Journal of Cancer, 59:805-809 (1989); H.L. Stewart, et al., “Epidemiology of Cancers of the Uterine Cervix and Corpus, Breast and Ovary in Israel and New York City,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute 37(1):1-96; I. Fujimoto, et al., “Epidemiologic Study of Carcinoma in Situ of the Cervix,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine 30(7):535 (July 1985); N. Weiss, “Events of Reproductive Life and the Incidence of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer,” Am. J. of Epidemiology, 117(2):128-139 (1983); V. Beral, et al., “Does Pregnancy Protect Against Ovarian Cancer,” The Lancet, May 20, 1978, pp. 1083-1087; C. LaVecchia, et al., “Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Women,” International Journal of Cancer, 52:351, 1992.

5. S. Kaali, et al., “The Frequency and Management of Uterine Perforations During First-Trimester Abortions,” Am. J. Obstetrics and Gynecology 161:406-408, August 1989; M. White, “A Case-Control Study of Uterine Perforations documented at Laparoscopy,” Am. J. Obstetrics and Gynecology 129:623 (1977).

6. D. Grimes, et al., “Prevention of uterine perforation During Curettage Abortion,” JAMA, 251:2108-2111 (1984); D. Grimes, et al.,”Local versus General Anesthesia: Which is Safer For Performing Suction Abortions?” Am. J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 135:1030 (1979).

7. K. Schulz, et al., “Measures to Prevent Cervical Injuries During Suction Curettage Abortion,” The Lancet, May 28, 1983, pp 1182-1184; W. Cates, “The Risks Associated with Teenage Abortion,” New England Journal of Medicine, 309(11):612-624; R. Castadot, “Pregnancy Termination: Techniques, Risks, and Complications and Their Management,” Fertility and Sterility, 45(1):5-16 (1986).

8. Barrett, et al., “Induced Abortion: A Risk Factor for Placenta Previa”, American Journal of Ob&Gyn. 141:7 (1981).

9. Hogue, Cates and Tietze, “Impact of Vacuum Aspiration Abortion on Future Childbearing: A Review”, Family Planning Perspectives (May-June 1983),vol.15, no.3.. Jacobsson B, Hagberg G, Hagberg B, Ladfors L, Niklasson A, Hagberg A. Cerebral Palsy in preterm infants: a population-based case-control study of antenatal and intrapartal risk factors. Acta Paediatrica 2002;91:946-951. Calhoun BC, Shadigian E, Rooney B. Cost consequences of induced abortion as an attributable risk for preterm birth and informed consent. J Reprod Med 2007;52:929-939.

10. Daling,et.al., “Ectopic Pregnancy in Relation to Previous Induced Abortion”, JAMA, 253(7):1005-1008 (Feb. 15, 1985); Levin, et.al., “Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion”, American Journal of Public Health (1982), vol.72,p253; C.S. Chung, “Induced Abortion and Ectopic Pregnancy in Subsequent Pregnancies,” American Journal of Epidemiology 115(6):879-887 (1982)

11. T. Radberg, et al., “Chlamydia Trachomatis in Relation to Infections Following First Trimester Abortions,” Acta Obstricia Gynoecological (Supp. 93), 54:478 (1980); L. Westergaard, “Significance of Cervical Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection in Post-abortal Pelvic Inflammatory Disease,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 60(3):322-325, (1982); M. Chacko, et al., “Chlamydia Trachomatosis Infection in Sexually Active Adolescents: Prevalence and Risk Factors,” Pediatrics, 73(6), (1984); M. Barbacci, et al., “Post- Abortal Endometritis and Isolation of Chlamydia Trachomatis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology 68(5):668-690, (1986); S. Duthrie, et al., “Morbidity After Termination of Pregnancy in First-Trimester,” Genitourinary Medicine 63(3):182-187, (1987).

12. Burkman, et al., “Morbidity Risk Among Young Adolescents Undergoing Elective Abortion” Contraception, 30:99-105 (1984); “Post-Abortal Endometritis and Isolation of Chlamydia Trachomatis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology 68(5):668- 690, (1986)

13. Frank, et.al., “Induced Abortion Operations and Their Early Sequelae”, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners (April 1985),35(73):175-180; Grimes DA, Cates W Jr.  Abortion:  Methods and complications.  In:  Hafez ESE, ed.  Human reproduction:  Conception and contraception  (2nd ed).  Hagerstown, Maryland:  Harper and Row, 1980:796‑813.; M.A. Freedman, “Comparison of complication rates in first trimester abortions performed by physician assistants and physicians,” Am. J. Public Health, 76(5):550- 554 (1986).

14. Wadhera, “Legal Abortion Among Teens, 1974-1978″, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 122:1386-1389,(June 1980).

15. Ney, et.al., “The Effects of Pregnancy Loss on Women’s Health,” Soc. Sci. Med. 48(9):1193-1200, 1994; Badgley, Caron, & Powell, Report of the Committee on the Operation of the Abortion Law, Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1977: 319-321.

16. Gissler, M., et. al., “Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994 — definition problems and benefits of record linkage,” Acta Obsetricia et Gynecolgica Scandinavica 76:651-657 (1997).

17. Zhou, Weijin, et. al., “Induced Abortion and Subsequent Pregnancy Duration,” Obstetrics & Gynecology 94(6):948-953 (Dec. 1999).  Klemetti R, Gissler M, Niinimäki M, Hemminki E. Birth outcomes after induced abortion: a nationwide register-based study of first births in Finland. Hum Reprod 2012 Aug 29. [Epub ahead of print]. Rooney B, Calhoun BC. Induced Abortion and Risk of Later Premature Births. Journal American Physicians & Surgeons 2003;8(2):46-49 Bhattacharya S, Lowit A, Bhattacharya S, Raja EA. -et al. Reproductive outcomes following induced abortion: a national register-based study in Scotland. BMJ OPEN Summer 2012. Swingle HM, Colaizy TT, Zimmerman MB, et al Abortion and the risk of subsequent preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Reproductive Med 2009;54:95-108.

18. D. Berkeley, P.L. Humphreys, and D. Davidson, “Demands Made on General Practice by Women Before and After an Abortion,” J. R. Coll. Gen. Pract. 34:310-315, 1984.

19. Frank, et.al., “Induced Abortion Operations and Their Early Sequelae”, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners (April 1985), vol.35,no.73,pp175-180. and Grimes and Cates, “Abortion: Methods and Complications”, Human Reproduction, 2nd ed., 796-813.


Abortion Risks and Complications, copyright 1997, 2000 Elliot Institute.

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38 Responses to Abortion Risks: A list of major physical complications related to abortion

  1. brandon wiese says:

    You do not mention anything about arguments with what many people argue pro abortion or pro life and if things may become more ugly and you are not very specific about what happens after a abortion

  2. Caylee says:

    Brandon, the article is just a list of risks involved when an abortion is being considered. It is not arguing Pro-Choice or Pro-Life, it is simply stating informational facts about abortions. It is simply giving info, not argument.

  3. Michael says:

    Does abortion increase a woman’s chance of getting breast cancer??

    • EI says:

      It is very well established that the younger a woman is when she carries a baby to full term, the lower her life time risk of breast cancer. In other words, pregnancy is good for a woman’s health and reduces her risk of breast cancer (and many other health problems). So at the very least, having an abortion causes one to lose the benefits which would otherwise occur from giving birth sooner rather than later.

      The big question is whether abortion causes an additional risk of breast cancer. Numerous studies have found an independent association between abortion and breast cancer. A meta-analysis (a type of study combining the results of these studies) by Dr. Joel Brind revealed a statistically significant association and Brind. He has proposed that the physical mechanism is caused by the sudden change in pregnancy hormones caused by abortion which unnaturally disrupt changes in the breast tissue which are taking place in early pregnancy. Because of the political controversy over these findings, a committee of experts issued a statement stating their belief that the results of these studies are not sufficiently convincing to warrant public alarm. Joel Brind published a minority opinion that is available online, along with other fact sheets, at Breast Cancer Prevention Institute. You can also find a synopsis of various studies examining abortion and breast cancer at AbortionRisks.org.

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  6. bobbyd says:

    I think if the pro-abortion groups ever saw an abortion and how that child struggles to avoid the piercing probe that eventually punctures and kills him/her….unless they are true monsters …which some abortion leaders are…the vast majority would reconsider. I guarantee you that as long as mills like Planned Parenthood exist young women will never realize their mistake of this life changing event….until its too late. The usual answer a pro abortion zealot responds with is….”its a woman’s choice…I don’t want to hear what happens…stop describing it!”

  7. vfree says:

    As much as you like to call is that, we are not pro-abortion. No one is pro-abortion. We are pro-choice. Pro-abortion would be if we wanted everyone to have abortions. All the time. No more babies, only abortions. I promote abortion to all pregnant women. I have them sometimes when I’m not even pregnant I’m so pro-abortion! It is pro-choice. I believe in a womans right to chose an abortion if it is right for her, or not have an abortion if it is wrong for her. And we pro-choice women are not stupid. I know what being pregnant means. I know it is a fetus.

    • EI says:

      Most people who favor legal abortion are pro-choice, like yourself. I can believe that you have no prejudice against women who would rather have their babies than have an abortion.

      But there are also many who are truly pro-abortion in that they want on women — especially women of color or women who are poor or less intelligent or “unfit” — to have abortions even if requires deceiving them or pressuring them into consenting to abortion they would otherwise refuse. Other pro-abortionists are dedicated to reducing the world’s population for environmental purposes. Margaret Sanger’s Planned Parenthood was setup and funded precisely for the purpose of reducing birth rates among the “unfit.”

      The racist attitudes of some abortion providers was well articulated by Dr. Edward Allred, owner of the largest chain of abortion clinics in California who sees abortion as a means of social engineering. In an interview in The Sand Diego Unino, Allred said:

      Population control is too important to be stopped by some rightwing pro-life types. Take the new influx of Hispanic immigrants. Their lack of respect of democracy and social order is frightening. I hope I can do something to stem that tide; I’d set up a clinic in Mexico for free if I could. . . . When a sullen black woman . . . can decide to have a baby and get welfare and food stamps and become a burden to all of us, it’s time to stop. [Learn more here]

      In short, while everyone who favors “abortion rights” wants to cloak their views in pro-choice, pro-woman rhetoric, there are a great many people who see abortion as a social engineering tool which can be used to control the quantity and quality of people born into the world . . . not for the benefit of each individual woman’s informed choice, but for the benefit of eugenic social policy.

      Here’s a quick way to tell the difference.

      Ask people who say they are “pro-choice” if they oppose the one child policy in China which includes forced abortion? Hardly a pro-choice policy, is it? If they do, then they are truly pro-choice, because they believe women should be allowed to have or not have children as they choose. But if they defend the right of the state to deny women the right to have children, and to punish them or coerce them into having abortions in order to achieve the goals of the state, then they are not pro-choice. Perhaps you still object to them being called “pro-abortion,” but what label would you prefer for persons who have no objections to women being pressured into unwanted abortions?

      • vfree2 says:

        I know that there are good people who are pro-choice and not good people who are pro-choice. Just as there are on the anti-choice side. The cases of eugenics you refer to are real, and have happened. Largly back in the 50’s and 60’s, not so much these days with all of the publicity and education that has been done onthe the subject. (though I find it noteworthy that many anti-abortion folks are also anti social programs to help all these woman who may decide to have their children in less than healthy situations, and it seems lately they are also anti-birthcontrol) But I digress. The aweful people you have quoted are aweful people. To me that says the focus should be on education those people, and taking them out of positions of power. I don’t see the answer being taking away the legal medical option for terminating a pregnancy because some scumbags are trying to use it for eugenics. It seems like walking in a wide circle around the problem to stop in in the wrong place, with the wrong person. You want to pull woman out of the river instead of stopping that guy from throwing them in. I am for educating women. We know it is a fetus in there. We don’t need to be told that. But if you want to educate women about how horrible the procedure is, you should also have to educate them about the realities of having a unwanted child, raising them in poverty or as a single mother or the many other consequenses of having a child when you are not ready or willing to do it. Show a video of the procedure. But also show video of women and children living in homeless shelters, trying to eat for a month on foodstamps, the reality of where your life changes from being a college student with a future to dropping out to raise a child. A childs life continues well beyond the pregnancy that doesn’t end in abortion. Be realistic about that too. It isn’t always pretty. It isn’t always fine. A woman isn’t always going to be able to handle it (or she wouldn’t have been considering abortion in the first place.) Women who are pro-choice aren’t always the slutty girls who are having multiples as their method of birth control. Sometimes they are drug addicts, or in their senior year of med school, or already have as many kids at home as they can care for responsibly. In a perfect world maybe they would choose adoption instead. But as a 2X birthmother I can tell you it was hell, I lost my entire family and the child I had later and kept I had to raise with no aunts and uncles, no grandparents because they were all angry about the kids I had “passed off like free samples”. It has been 20 years and I still feel the trauma of having been a 16 year old girl birthing in an empty hospital room. It isn’t always simple and it can’t always be done in the way that is neatest or prettiest for the rest of us to see. It is always a tough choice to make. It is never taken lightly. And it isn’t as easy as just skipping that appointment at the clinic. There are consequences for the woman, and the child forever. They don’t skip off into the sunset with their perfect pretty baby laughing at the lovely surprise life has given them. So if you want fewer abortions (and so do I) we need to first address why women choose them, why women feel that they need them and be helpful in solving those problems too. Not just taking away the abortion. Take away the need for them.

        • Iulia says:

          Except, for all of the inconvenient things listed above, there is the option to give the baby up for adoption. That same, poor woman with probably little access to good quality healthcare would NOT be in a better position if she becomes suicidal or if she develops cancer or some other complications. This is a VERY risky procedure, and the poorest, most disadvantaged women are always the least informed — she may develop a post-abortion infection and not even be able to go to the clinic, or know that she should/has the right to free medical care.

        • Iulia says:

          Reading your story, I am really sorry that you had to go through the challenge of raising your children all alone – we know that it is very difficult to be a single Mom and I think we all respect you for your decision to keep the children.
          However, no one is suggesting that single mothers should not be helped – in fact, e.g. in the US I think pro-life activists are pushing for a mandatory statement of who the father is (checked with DNA testing) and making the father pay alimony if the woman decides to keep the baby.
          Other measures to help mothers are also being proposed throughout the world, also for facilitating adoption and cutting the red tape and other useless, inconvenient factors that impede it; the need to help mothers is definitely recognized by pro-lifers.
          I used to think it was moral to be pro-choice, too, even though personally, I would NEVER have an abortion myself.
          The argument that got to me was not poverty – that I thought would be tough but bearable, and I come from a country that has for a long time been considered “poor(er)” so we’re used to that around here.
          No, I honestly thought, making abortion legal would prevent the tragic deaths of many desperate women who would have an abortion anyway, even if it was illegal, under God knows what circumstances/ conditions. But then I looked into the statistics and I realized, that if you acknowledge the unborn baby is a person who has the right to live, then when you crunch down the numbers, then we avoided the deaths of a handful of self-destructing women at the cost of genocide. In my country, the abortion death toll has surpassed 20 million babies — all while women who abort continue to be castrated due to various complications, experience higher rates of suicide, and even sometimes die right on the surgery table — because, while illegal abortion *is* arguably more dangerous than legal abortion, more women abort since it’s legal, the procedure is VERY risky in itself and illegal abortions still happen (especially for teens, who generally have less money and less life experience and can be more emotionally unstable than their mature peers)!
          So it does not benefit the mother to have an abortion, and it definitely kills the child. It’s a lose-lose situation.

        • Iulia says:

          And the eugenics, that you state only happened in the 50’s and 60’s… Well, it does seem like sci-fi to believe it is still brooding nowadays, isn’t it?
          But it’s not sci-fi. Already, thousands of babies are being aborted based on the triple test, because they are *(merely) suspected* of having Down Syndrome. One in 200 women loses a baby (whose odds are stacked up for him/her that s/he is actually perfectly healthy) due to the fact that the amnio done to check the triple test results is a risky procedure. A lot of parents are so engrossed that the child may be “retarded”, and they are so misinformed about the (in)accuracy of this test, that they do not even have the amnio, they just abort directly based on the triple test results.
          Pro-choice activists push the agenda that it is a relief to abort such a baby, because what life would it have, and it’s not even euthanasia because “we have to understand (??)” the fetus is but a clump of cells.
          And this is the crunch — when all other arguments fail, pro-choice activists will come to you and say, well, it’s not really a baby. It’s not really a person. It has no self-awareness, no moral right to live (until expelled from the womb).
          But when you take this criterion, of “self-awareness”, as defining the right to live, the womb may no longer be the final frontier. You can push it to deprive, say, 1 year olds of the “moral right to live”, as is currently being proposed:
          http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/9113394/Killing-babies-no-different-from-abortion-experts-say.html
          And guess what… The people who are currently in power worldwide? Do you know what the buzzword is in their world?
          Overpopulation!
          Tough solutions may be required in order to prevent the human race from spiraling out of control. After all, we are soooo hurting the planet. The unworthiest species. A cancer on earth. (Any of these currents of thought sound familiar?)

  8. lala says:

    It is not safe at all. It has to many risks!

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  11. Anna Hofer says:

    How come this site:
    http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/abortion-miscarriage
    says that according to recent studies done that there is no valid relation between abortions and cancer???

    • EI says:

      The web page you reference only addresses the breast cancer risk associated with abortion.

      This link is to studies showing abortion is associated with a number of cancers.

      Regarding the abortion breast cancer link, as you know the whole abortion issue is highly politicized. There was a lot of pressure both within and outside the national cancer institute to explain away and ignore studies showing a link between abortion and breast cancer. If you read their statements and conclusions carefully, it is evident that they admit that studies have found statistically significant associations between abortion and breast cancer, especially for certain subgroups of women, like those with a family history of breast cancer who abort before age 18. But they then go on to argue that this evidence is not sufficiently convincing to warrant “scaring” the public, and there are methodological issues that can be raised to cast doubts on these findings, blah blah blah.

      In other words, while in nearly every other case of evaluating medical treatments, evidence of a statistical association is sufficient to raise concerns. Proof that the treatment in and of itself causes the suspected complication is not required before they start warning that the complication MAY be associated with the treatment.

      But in the case of abortion, this standard of “warn when in doubt” has been replaced with “innocent until proven guilty by incontestable evidence of a direct, strong causal relationship.” Put another way, the standard of proof has been shifted to such a high bar that the evidence showing statistical associations between abortion and breast cancer can be re-evaluated as not sufficiently convincing to warrant disturbing the peace of mind of women who “need” abortions.

      It’s a very paternalistic attitude. Even more importantly, this suppression of risk information is largely driven by the government’s public policy that seeks to reduce birth rates among the poor (which is why so much funding goes into birth control and abortion services around the world, way out of proportion to other health care services). Toward that end, suppressing information about the risks associated with abortion (by raising the standard of proof to one that does not apply to any other medical procedure) serves the “public good” by reducing the chances that poor women will choose against abortion because they are afraid of the physical or psychological consequences. The “abortion is safer than childbirth” argument has proven to be very effective in reassuring women and their families that abortion is “safe and easy.”

  12. sara says:

    how can i get an APA reference for this article?

  13. Happy says:

    What is the nursing management in order of priority for woman who undergone induced abortion?

    • EI says:

      I’m afraid we don’t know. I’m doubtful there even is a standard, but would love to hear about it if you find one . . . or help to develop one.

  14. GEORGE VOLINCE says:

    I love your work and i’m willing to join you to help others please

    • EI says:

      To help, first join our email list so you can stay up to date.

      Second, if you are able to help us financially, that would be a huge blessing. Our costs are outrunning expenses.

      Third, you might look over our outreach materials and see if there is anything there that you can distribute through your church, work, or some other way.

  15. Erica says:

    check their references…they’re all from the seventies or eighties lol…if you want to be taken seriously at least be relevant :-) nice try though

  16. Kevin Strnad says:

    Science recognizes that human life begins at conception. You were once a fertilized egg. If anyone had extinguished your life at any time between that stage and birth, you would not exist today. You did nothing wrong during that time because you were incapable of wrongdoing – so you were an innocent human life. To deliberately extinguish innocent human life is murder. We have murdered in excess of 50 million unborn humans in the USA since the legalization of abortion on demand. The total number of human lives lost during all the years of WW II (all theaters and all causes) is estimated to be 50-70 million. In the USA, murder by abortion is now as common as worldwide deaths during WW II. What is the price we will have to pay for this slaughter?

    • HAGH11 says:

      If babies in utero are incapable of wrongdoing, as you say (which of course they are!) then why do some religious sectors cleanse babies of a so-called ‘Original Sin’? I’m not trying to offend anyone by asking this, I am literally just wondering!

      • EI says:

        I suggest you look up the difference between “actual sin” and “original sin.” In Christian theology, actual sin includes any willful thought, desire, word, action, or omission that separates us from God’s will. Culpability for actual sin is lessened by obstructions of free will (being coerced or intoxicated, for example) and by ignorance (not knowing the consequences, for example). So while an act may involve very serious sin, guilt may be lessened by defects in will and knowledge.

        Babies are free of actual sin, obviously, because they have limited ability and opportunity to willfully act with knowledge in any way that offends God.

        Original sin, by contrast, refers to humankind’s origins (root word for “original). God made us to be perfectly able to conform to His holy will. But when Adam and Eve set their wills up against God’s will, choosing to know/define good and evil according to their own minds and wills, this changed the relationship between God and humankind for all generations. This “original sin” means we start out life already broken and separated from the relationship God intended for us when he first created humankind.

        Christians believe Jesus came into the world to not only bring mercy and forgiveness for our actual sins, but to also fix at least one consequence of original sin, namely restoring our relationship with God as His children. One way this is done is through baptism, being reborn into the family of God. But other effects of original sin still remain, including a level of conflict and brokenness in our wills and intellects which lead us to continue to struggle with temptations and commit actual sins–often choosing to do that which we know (on some level) we shouldn’t.

  17. Katherine says:

    I am 18years of age and had my abortion in April. After the abortion I was fine because they had to numb me extra cause I was sensitive to the in clinc abortion. Once I got home and the numbing started going away, I started feeling this ripping feeling located where my uterus is, and I only spotted a little blood and brown which I assumed it was just the uterus lining doing what it does when your on your period, the cycle. I never wanted to go back. & even if I did I didn’t have the money, and my Doctor wouldn’t help me because he told me I should follow up with them. They put me on Sprintec Birth Control, because I didn’t know what I wanted to choose. She asked if I wanted the doctor to Choose I said sure. Why when I started my 3month birth control it was fine at first, I actual like my birth control, I have had no side effects like the last birth control I was on. Anyways two months later I been bleeding way before my period [3 weeks before the white pills]. & it has never happened like this before. & I am in pain the ripping feeling again, I’m scared to go to the Hospital I have no insurance an I don’t know what’s wrong. I never mentioned before the abortion I have HPV, ab-normal cells in my ovaries, That’s what my Doctor told me. I don’t know if that mattered. & when I got a pap’s 3 weeks after abortion, it hurt and she asked has it always hurt. Which I have always been sensitive so I said yes and she never said anything. That was that. I am really worried and I don’t know if you have had women before me with the same problem to tell me what I can do to treat it or what might be wrong, I’m also kind of scared to know. I don’t ever want another male doctor down there. It wasn’t his fault, he was only doing his Job, which he has been doing for many of years.

    • EI says:

      I strongly encourage you to call a post-abortion healing center. You can get help and advise from women who have been in your situation. Even your fear of seeing another doctor about the abnormal bleeding is a sign of how you have been traumatized both psychologically and physically. Don’t let your fear keep you from getting good advise. Most post-abortion healing programs are free or will waive any fees if you can’t afford it. You are in my prayers.

  18. Paul says:

    I always read about how pro-choice means you care about Womens rights and how they feel. However, they never talk about how traumatizing it could be to a Woman who goes through the process.

    When my wife first got pregnant I was so scared. I didn’t know how I could afford the baby. We had just started going out. I kept thinking about my finances and how we could survive.

    The day my son was born was one of the greatest days of my life. Every day I look at him I am reminded of how lucky I am. I would give up my house and all my possessions if it meant having him by my side.

    Now think for a moment. I am just the father. Imagine how my wife feels? She carried him for 9 months. She went through the pain of delivery and the morning sickness. The sleepless nights and worry. She went through so much and she loves her boy more than anyone could.

    Yes it’s hard raising kids. It changes your life plan. It puts a stop to some of your plans. It is also the best and most rewarding thing in life.

    Then you might say to me, “You don’t know my situation!” You are right. I don’t. But I do know that if you love your child no obstacle will get in the way of you providing for that child.

    Then you say, “It’s my body and I can choose to do what I will.” Sorry, you are not talking about your body. You are talking about aborting a baby’s body. You have no right over a baby’s life. Plain and simple.

    We talk about education, then why not educate Women about the risks and trauma associated with abortion. I mean warning labels on food are more informative than Planned Parenthood speaking about risks with abortion. Planned Parenthood site talks about possible risks with the procedure, but says overall its safe. No mention about mental trauma.

  19. albert franco says:

    my question is what are the main symptons of health risk after abortion. i myself dont believe in killing what the man above have blessed the person with but i cant stop her from doing what has her mind set on. im afraid that i can lose my girlfriend to abortion complications…. am i blowing this out of porpotion and have nothing to worry about or should i be concerned…. i just wish she would change her mind and have this baby and have faith that everything will be ok…. someone please give me feedback… thank you

    • EI says:

      While there are many physical risks associated with abortion, the psychological risks are more common and can contribute to physical problems, such as lower general health, since psychological stress is hard on the body.

      You are not blowing your concerns out of proportion . . . but there is only so much you can do. It sounds like you are doing your best to encourage her to have faith that things will work out. I’d suggest asking her to review the risk factors for psychological problems after an abortion. Hopefully, doing so will get her to better understand that this won’t be as easy to forget as she imagines it to be.

      You are all in our prayers.

  20. Mia says:

    I had an abortion at age 26. Not knowing I was pregnant I had underwent a biopsy for abnormal cells on my cervix, as well as a treatment for chlamydia. I started to feel ill after and cramping, I also had constant nose bleeds and fainted a few times. I then found out I was pregnant and discussed the pregnancy with my husband.

    He was very much against me having the baby. Our relationship was doing badly, because at the same time I had also found out that he had cheated on me and given me chlamydia. I was planning to separate and leave the country to go back home and raise the baby as a single mother. But during the next check up no heart beat could be found. I waited until I was 9 weeks along and still there was no heart beat anymore.

    Doctors gave me a pill to undergo medical abortion. When I got home I hesitated taking the second pill and my husband began to argue with me. So I placed it in my mouth and held it there for a while before I swallowed it. I then got scared and made myself throw up on the ground, while my husband was yelling at me, saying that I was wasting “600 dollars”. I was bleeding and cramping horribly for weeks.

    At the next check up I was not pregnant anymore. I separated from my husband, but shortly after the abortion my health began to deteriorate. It happened so fast I was in utter shock. I don’t know if it is all related to the abortion, but I was healthy before this aside from the HPV. My hair began to fall out and unlike after delivery…it would not stop. An endocrinologist found out that I had a pituitary tumor and raised prolactin levels. My body was producing prolactin for the baby I was meant to nurse. All this made me very sad. It was also found out that I had hypothyroidism and my abnormal cervical cells had turned into cervical cancer. I had to have a LEEP, to burn off affected tissue on my cervix.

    When I got the diagnosis, I was in a new relationship, with a man that wanted to have children with me in the future. When I got pregnant, doctors were very worried about my pregnancy because of all my conditions and the LEEP. Some friends and family even advised me to consider abortion because they were worried about my health. I was positive things would be fine and my pregnancy actually went really well. I became healthier and I was glowing. I was the only pregnant woman that could walk two hours to get from A-B while 40 weeks pregnant. My son was developing well and my medical issues were controlled. 1 1/2 months before the due date, I got off the pills I was taking for the pituitary tumor, so I would be able to breastfeed and decided to only have my prolactin monitored. I never went into labor though, or had my water break and my son was delivered via Emergency C-Section at 42 1/2 weeks (doctors had my due date wrong).

    I still wonder why I wasn’t able to deliver naturally. After pregnancy, my health issues subsided. My prolactin was stable and while breastfeeding, the pituitary tumor shrank, when my son was a year old my cervical cancer was gone all together with the HPV (it was still there after delivery ). 1 1/2 years after delivery and still breastfeeding, my thyroid was healed…”Hashimoto’s” is usually said to be permanent…well, not for me. The only problem that hasn’t changed is the hair loss. My hair falls out for no reason to the point where it is thin, and then grows back. I don’t know what is causing it at the moment.

    My son is almost three and I continue to breastfeed him because I only want the best for him. He is the most important person in my life and I know most mothers would feel like that, would they only let the pregnancy allow to take its course.

    Women who have abortions do not know what they are missing out on. I am honestly very tired of the “right to choose” slogan…making it seem as if it is only about the right to decide over your body. Imho you have the right to use birth control, if that fails the Plan B pill….Many “unwanted” pregnancies happen because two people are careless and think that nothing will happen. Such cases make me very sad, it doesn’t have to happen if they take precaution. I am not Christian btw., because I know some argue all Pro Lifers are fanatic Christians. I don’t believe in anything related to Religion. – M. from Germany

  21. Steph says:

    I had an abortion and ever since have not felt right, been hospitalized, missed a lot of work and after bothering doctors for weeks finally found out I have liver issues. My symptoms were extreme weakness, lightheaded ness, weight loss, diarrhea, fatigue, incomplete abortion, infection, changes in mood, pain in uterus, low blood pressure, yellowing of eyes, my legs are very weak, divided or torn uterus, black blood, nausea…. The list goes on and on. I need help and answers! The last sonogram showed particles left behind! My doctor told me to return to work! I’m on my feet all day, can a doctor please tell me what is going on??? Or anyone??

    • EI says:

      We don’t have any doctors on staff who can advise you. If you’re not satisfied with your regular doctor’s recommendation, please seek a second opinion from another physician in your are.

  22. Unknown says:

    What are things that should nd shouldnt happen durring original due date if had Terminated

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